Study finds elevated cholesterol levels after Christmas break

first_img Source: Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Dec 30 2018Large quantities of rich Christmas food appear to boost Danes’ cholesterol levels. Right after the Christmas break, levels are 20% higher than in the summer. So says a new study carried out by researchers from the Department of Clinical Biochemistry at Copenhagen University Hospital and the Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen.All that butter and cream in Christmas food may possibly boost cholesterol levels more than assumed up to now. In a new study of 25,000 Danes, researchers conclude that cholesterol levels after the Christmas holiday are 20% higher than they are in the summer.Related StoriesLDL-cholesterol does not predict future cardiovascular events in high-risk heart patientsStatins’ potential to treat MS unrelated to the drug’s cholesterol lowering effectsNew imaging modality identifies presence of cholesterol in arterial plaqueSo the study by researchers at Copenhagen University Hospital and the University of Copenhagen shows that the risk of having elevated cholesterol is six times higher after the Christmas break.”Our study shows strong indications that cholesterol levels are influenced by the fatty food we consume when celebrating Christmas. The fact that so many people have high cholesterol readings straight after the Christmas holiday is very surprising,” says Dr. Anne Langsted, M.D., who is one of the authors of the article.Nine out of ten of the people participating in the so-called Copenhagen General Population Study had elevated cholesterol after Christmas. People who already have high cholesterol should perhaps be even more alert to their cholesterol levels during the Christmas holidays.”For individuals, this could mean that if their cholesterol readings are high straight after Christmas, and they could consider having another test taken later on in the year,” says another of the article’s authors, Dr. Signe Vedel-Krogh, M.D.”In any event, there is a greater risk of finding that you have elevated cholesterol if you go to the doctor and have your cholesterol tested straight after Christmas. It is important to be aware of this, both for doctors who treat high cholesterol and those wishing to keep their cholesterol levels down,” she concludes.​​last_img read more

Specialized memory T cells in the lungs cause attacks of allergic asthma

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Apr 29 2019According to a current study of the Medical University Vienna, specialized T memory lymphocytes in the lungs that react to inhaled allergens, cause attacks of allergic asthma. These T-helper 2-tissue resident memory cells, which are located in the lungs for a lifetime are known as Th2-TRMs, and are responsible for asthma sufferers having asthma attacks shortly after they come in contact with allergens that they are allergic to and that these attacks can occur throughout their entire life.Allergic asthma and allergic rhinitis are chronic allergic conditions affecting approximately 70 to 100 million Europeans. (Source: European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology EAACI). Allergic asthma is a defense reaction in the lungs triggered by allergens such as grass, tree and ragweed pollen and leads to wheezing breath, coughing and shortness of breath.Head of the study, Michelle Epstein of the Experimental Allergy Laboratory of the University Clinic for Dermatology of MedUni Vienna explains: “Allergic asthma can be a chronic condition, but often occurs only intermittently, when people come into contact with allergens to which they are sensitized. Seasonal asthma, for example, might be caused by tree pollen in the spring when the pollen are in the air, leading to asthma attacks in people who otherwise exhibit no problems with their lungs”.”Our study shows for the first time that Th2-TRMs are found in the lungs for over 600 days and proves that once memory is established in lungs after the first episode of allergic asthma, memory T cells are maintained for a lifetime.”, she adds.Related StoriesPET/CT can aid in earlier diagnosis and treatment assessment of tuberculosisResearchers identify new subtypes of motor neurons and microglia present in ALS patientsNew target identified for treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosisUp to 200,000 memory cells in the lungsThe MedUni Vienna team examined the Th2-TRMs in the lungs of mice with allergic asthma during remission and tracked them after contact with the allergen. Once most T-cells in the animal were eliminated, the immune cells were blocked to prevent them from migrating out of the lungs.The researchers discovered that approximately 150,000 to 200,000 memory cells were in the lungs, which represents a mere fraction of the 100 million lung cells, and that these cells did not migrate from the lung, but were activated to react to the inhaled allergen.These results could explain why the majority of the patients with allergic asthma remain allergic throughout their entire life and that, if the patients are constantly exposed to the allergen, the number of Th2-TRMs possibly increases upon further contact with the allergen, leading to more severe asthma.Co-author Sahar Kazemi, PhD-Student in the Experimental Allergy Laboratory of the University for Dermatology, explains: “Targeting these memory cells may possibly lead to therapies for patients suffering from allergic asthma. New strategies could be aimed at the Th2-TRMs. However, a method has to be found to selectively eliminate only these cells without affecting other memory T cells which protect us from bacteria and viruses.”Asthma as a health policy issueThe annual economic burden due to allergic asthma in the EU is estimated at an amount between 55 and 151 billion Euro. Therefore, new innovative treatment methods would help to reduce these costs significantly.Source: read more

Most studies into impact of technology use on psychological wellbeing rely on

first_imgThe researchers discovered weak relationships between how much people think they use their smartphones and how much they actually do.Miss Davidson added “Our results suggest that the majority of these self-report smartphone assessments perform poorly when attempting to predict real-world behavior. We need to revisit and improve these measurements moving forward.”High smartphone usage has been previously linked to anxiety and depression but Dr Ellis said there is insufficient evidence to support these conclusions.”Scales that focus on the notion of technology ‘addiction’ performed very poorly and were unable to classify people into different groups (e.g, high vs low use) based on their behavior.” Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 13 2019Most studies into the impact of technology use on psychological wellbeing rely on flawed measures say researchers.Surveys are often used to understand how people use their smartphone, but these are poorly related to actual smartphone use when measured with an app.This means that existing evidence suggesting that screen time is “addictive” cannot be used to justify any change of policy.The UK Parliament’s Science and Technology Committee recently held an inquiry into social media use including the effects of screen time on the health of young people.Related StoriesPesticide exposure may increase risk of depression in adolescentsIndividual variation in genes alters our ability to regulate emotionsPerinatal depression screenings may overlook women having suicidal ideationBut Dr David Ellis of Lancaster University and Brittany Davidson from The University of Bath say official policy should not solely rely on existing studies using self reports.Dr Ellis said “Knowing how much someone thinks or worries about their smartphone use leaves many questions unanswered”The team examined 10 “addiction” surveys for measuring people’s technology use such as the Smartphone Addiction Scale and the Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale, which generate scores that determine use.They then compared these self-reports with data from Apple Screen Time which provides an objective measurement of: How many minutes people used their phones How often they picked it up How many notifications they receivedcenter_img Sources:Lancaster UniversityJournal reference: Ellis, A. et al. (2019) Do smartphone usage scales predict behavior? International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. read more

1 in 6 insured hospital patients get a surprise bill for outofnetwork

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 20 2019About 1 in 6 Americans were surprised by a medical bill after treatment in a hospital in 2017 despite having insurance, according to a study published Thursday.On average, 16% of inpatient stays and 18% of emergency visits left a patient with at least one out-of-network charge. Most of those came from doctors offering treatment at the hospital, even when the patients chose an in-network hospital, according to researchers from the Kaiser Family Foundation. Its study was based on large employer insurance claims. (Kaiser Health News is an editorially independent program of the foundation.)The research also found that when a patient is admitted to the hospital from the emergency room, there’s a higher likelihood of an out-of-network charge. As many as 26% of admissions from the emergency room resulted in a surprise medical bill.”Millions of emergency visits and hospital stays left people with large employer coverage at risk of a surprise bill in 2017,” the authors wrote.The researchers got their data by analyzing large-employer claims from IBM’s MarketScan Research Databases, which include claims for almost 19 million individuals.Surprise medical bills are top of mind for American patients, with 38% reporting they were “very worried” about unexpected medical bills.Surprise bills don’t just come from the emergency room. Often, patients will pick an in-network facility and see a provider who works there but isn’t employed by the hospital. These doctors, from outside staffing firms, can charge out-of-network prices.”It’s kind of a built-in problem,” said Karen Pollitz, a senior fellow at the Kaiser Family Foundation and an author of the study. She said most private health insurance plans are built on networks, where patients get the highest value for choosing a doctor in the network. But patients often don’t know whether they are being treated by an out-of-network doctor while in a hospital.Related StoriesStudy: Two-thirds of pneumonia patients receive more antibiotics than they probably needStudy analyzes high capacity of A. baumannii to persist on various surfacesRaw meat can act as reservoir for bacteria associated with hospital infections”By definition, there are these circumstances where they cannot choose their provider, whether it’s an emergency or it’s [a doctor] who gets brought in and they don’t even meet them face-to-face.”The issue is ripe for a federal solution. Some states have surprise-bill protections in place, but those laws don’t apply to most large-employer plans because the federal government regulates them.”New York and California have very high rates of surprise bills even though they have some of the strongest state statutes,” Pollitz said. “These data show why federal legislation would matter.”Consumers in Texas, New York, Florida, New Jersey and Kansas were the most likely to see a surprise bill, while people in Minnesota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Maine and Mississippi saw fewer, according to the study.Legislative solutions are being discussed in the White House and Congress. The leaders of the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee introduced a package Wednesday that included a provision to address it. The legislation from HELP sets a benchmark for what out-of-network physicians will be paid, which would be an amount comparable to what the plan is paying other doctors for that service.That bill is set for a committee markup next week.Other remedies are also being offered by different groups of lawmakers. This article was reprinted from with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent news service, is a program of the Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonpartisan health care policy research organization unaffiliated with Kaiser Permanente.last_img read more

5 questions for Mark Zuckerberg as he heads to Congress

Citation: 5 questions for Mark Zuckerberg as he heads to Congress (2018, April 9) retrieved 18 July 2019 from Who owns what is a difficult question to answer, and Facebook clearly hasn’t been good at explaining it. While you can download everything the company knows about you, it doesn’t really allow you to take “your” data to a rival.Sandberg told Today’s Savannah Guthrie that given Facebook’s ad-driven business model, you can’t currently avoid data mining of your public profile information. (You can opt not to see the resulting targeted ads , though.) Allowing that, Sandberg said, would effectively require Facebook to turn into a “paid product” that charges users.POSSIBLE FOLLOW-UP: Don’t other businesses allow some users to opt out of ads? Why can’t Facebook charge users who want ad-free experiences the way Hulu and YouTube do?___QUESTION: Facebook has made connecting with others and sharing information dead simple. Why haven’t you put similar effort into making your privacy controls equally easy to use?CONTEXT: Facebook has updated its privacy settings seven times in the last decade, each time aimed at making them simpler to use.The latest update was on March 28. On April 4, the company announced new technical changes designed to close loopholes that allowed third parties overbroad access to user data.Facebook makes many pieces of information your profile public by default; to lock them down, you have to change those settings yourself.POSSIBLE FOLLOW-UP: Does this legacy suggest the government needs to step in with clear and universal privacy rules?___QUESTION: Did Facebook threaten legal action against the Guardian newspaper in the U.K. regarding its reporting on the Cambridge Analytica scandal?CONTEXT: John Mulholland, editor of the Guardian US, tweeted in March that Facebook had threatened to sue to stop publication of its story that broke the Cambridge Analytica scandal in mid-March. Neither the Guardian nor Facebook have commented further.POSSIBLE FOLLOW-UP: Do you still stand behind Facebook’s actions here?___QUESTION: Have you spoken with critics, including some former Facebook investors and colleagues, who argue that the company’s service has become an addictive and corrosive force in society?CONTEXT: Sean Parker, Facebook’s first president, said Facebook specializes in “exploiting” human psychology and may be harming our children’s brains. An early investor in Facebook, Roger McNamee compared Facebook to an addictive substance such as nicotine and alcohol.Brian Acton, a co-founder of WhatsApp (acquired by Facebook in 2014), recently recommended that people should delete their Facebook accounts . Chamath Palihapitiya, an early vice president at Facebook, said Facebook’s tools are “ripping apart the social fabric.”POSSIBLE FOLLOW-UP: If not, why not? Facebook is struggling to cope with the worst privacy crisis in its history—allegations that a Trump-affiliated data mining firm may have used ill-gotten user data to try to influence elections. Zuckerberg and his company are in full damage-control mode, and have announced a number of piecemeal technical changes intended to address privacy issues.But there’s plenty the Facebook CEO hasn’t yet explained. Here are five questions that could shed more light on Facebook’s privacy practices and the degree to which it is really sorry about playing fast and loose with user data—or just because its practices have drawn the spotlight.___QUESTION: You’ve said you should have acted years ago to protect user privacy and guard against other abuses. Was that solely a failure of your leadership, or did Facebook’s business model or other factors create an obstacle to change? How can you ensure that Facebook doesn’t make similar errors in the future?CONTEXT: Zuckerberg controls 59.7 percent of the voting stock in Facebook. He is both chairman of the board and CEO. He can’t be fired, unless he fires himself. “At the end of the day, this is my responsibility,” he told reporters on a conference call last week. He also admitted to making a “huge mistake” in not taking a broad enough view of Facebook’s responsibility in the world.Zuckerberg, however, has been apologizing for not doing better on privacy for 11 years . In the current crisis, neither he nor chief operating officer Sheryl Sandberg have clarified exactly how Facebook developed such a huge blind spot, much less how it can prevent history from repeating itself.POSSIBLE FOLLOW-UP: Does Facebook need a chief privacy officer with the authority to take action on behalf of users?___QUESTION: Who owns user data on Facebook, the company or the users? If it’s the latter, why shouldn’t Facebook allow people to opt out of being targeted by ads?CONTEXT: Facebook collects data on its own (your likes, which ads you click on, etc.); keeps data you share yourself (photos, videos, messages); and correlates data from outside sources to data on its platform (email lists from marketers, and until recently, information from credit agencies). This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Firefox maker Mozilla to stop Facebook advertising because of data scandal © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Congress has plenty of questions for Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, who will testify on Capitol Hill Tuesday and Wednesday about the company’s ongoing data-privacy scandal and how it failed to guard against other abuses of its service. Explore further read more

Women listed as inventors in third of global patent filings UN

China to become top patent filer within three years: UN New data from the World Intellectual Property Organization showed that women were listed in 31 percent of the some 224,000 international patent applications it published last year Citation: Women listed as inventors in third of global patent filings: UN (2018, April 26) retrieved 18 July 2019 from New data from the World Intellectual Property Organization showed that women were listed in 31 percent of the some 224,000 international patent applications it published last year. That compares to just 23 percent a decade earlier, the UN agency said.WIPO chief Francis Gurry celebrated in a statement “the innovative, creative accomplishments of women around the globe.”He pointed out that “international patent applications are an important benchmark for measuring innovative activity in the contemporary, global economy,” stressing that “anything less than the achievement of full parity between men and women is a missed opportunity.”The agency’s data showed that South Korea was best in class on gender, with at least one woman listed among inventors in more than 50 percent of all international patent applications.China, the world’s second largest filer of international patents, also came in second when it came to including women inventors in its filings, at 48 percent.The world leader in international patent applications, the United States, meanwhile only listed women among the inventors in 33 percent of its filings, placing it fifth, WIPO said.International patent applications in the fields of biotechnology, pharmaceuticals and chemistry showed the highest inclusion of women, with female inventors listed in a majority of patents in these disciplines, WIPO said.Biotech topped the ranking, counting women inventors in 58 percent of all filings, while patents related to mechanical elements was at the bottom of the list, with just 14 percent. © 2018 AFP The UN on Thursday hailed a significant increase in women listed as inventors in global patent filings over the past decade, but warned a pronounced gender gap remained. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. read more

HC stays NGT penalty on TN govt

first_imgjudiciary (system of justice) COMMENT April 09, 2019 SHARE SHARE EMAIL COMMENTS Published oncenter_img Tamil Nadu water pollution SHARE The Madras High Court on Tuesday granted an interim stay on the ₹100-crore penalty imposed by the National Green Tribunal (NGT), South Zone, on the Tamil Nadu government for its failure to restore the Adyar and Cooum rivers and the Buckingham canal.Directing the government to pay the penalty to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the tribunal said the money shall be used for restoring the water bodies.A division bench comprising Justice R Subbiah and Justice Krishnan Ramasamy was hearing a petition of the government against the NGT order dated February 13 this year.The government submitted that despite details handed over to the tribunal over the restoration of the waterways, it had passed the order directing payment of ₹100 crore.The order lacks non-application of mind and was based on mistake of facts and contrary to the principles of natural justice and was arbitrary and unreasonable, the government said.The NGT had passed the order on a batch of pleas, including one moved by social activist Jawahar Shanmugam seeking direction to the state to restore and revive the water bodies.Adyar and Cooum are two of the most polluted rivers to flow through any major urban agglomeration anywhere in the world and the Tamil Nadu government is accountable for the situation, the tribunal had observed in its order.last_img read more

Why govt thinks farmers inferior to rich businessmen Rahul Gandhi in Lok

first_imgWhy govt thinks farmers inferior to rich businessmen: Rahul Gandhi in Lok SabhaAttacking the Modi government over the “suffering” of farmers, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi said it has given them no relief and wondered if it considered them “inferior” to businessmen who have been given concessions and loan waivers running into lakhs of crores.advertisement Press Trust of India New DelhiJuly 11, 2019UPDATED: July 11, 2019 20:56 IST Rahul Gandhi. (PTI File)Attacking the Modi government over the “suffering” of farmers, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi said it has given them no relief and wondered if it considered them “inferior” to businessmen who have been given concessions and loan waivers running into lakhs of crores.Union minister Rajnath Singh countered Gandhi’s charge in Lok Sabha, as he blamed the long rule of the Congress for the plight of farmers and asserted that no prime minister has done as much for peasants as has Narendra Modi.Taking up the issue in the Zero Hour, Gandhi in his brief maiden speech in the 17th Lok Sabha mostly focused on Kerala and made specific mention of problems facing farmers in Wayanad, from where he has been elected to Lok Sabha.No relief has been given to farmers by the government, he said, claiming that businessmen have been granted tax concessions of Rs 4.3 lakh crore and waivers of Rs 5.5 lakh crore.He asked why the government thinks farmers are “inferior” to rich businessmen.In his reply, Singh said the government’s move to give Rs 6,000 to farmers annually will lead to a rise in their income by 20-25 per cent and claimed that more farmers committed suicide before the BJP-led dispensation came to power.”It is not that the condition of farmers deteriorated in the last one, two or four years. Those who ruled the country for a long time are responsible for their state. The amount of increase in MSP (minimum support price) that our prime minister has effected has not been done by anybody in independent India’s history,” he claimed.Gandhi said farmers are suffering throughout the country and are in terrible condition in Kerala. One farmer ended his life in Wayanad on Wednesday due to crushing debt, he added.Farmers have been facing threats of immediate eviction from their properties, he said, as banks from which they had taken loans have have pressing them hard for recovering their due.In Wayanad alone, bank notices for non-payment have been given to almost 8,000 farmers and they are facing the threat of immediate eviction under certain Acts, the Congress MP said.Their properties are attached against their bank loans. This is resulting in a spate of farmer suicides, he said, adding that 18 farmers in Kerala have committed suicide due to this.”The Kerala government has announced moratorium on repayment of farm loans for all Kerala farmers till December 31. The government of India is refusing to direct the RBI to consider this moratorium and get it implemented. In the last five years, the BJP government gave Rs 4.3 lakh crore in tax concession and waived Rs 5.5 lakh crore for rich businessmen. Why is this shameful double standard,” he asked”Why does the government act as if our farmers are inferior to the rich? I was sad to see that no concrete step was taken in this budget to provide relief to the farmers,” he added.Gandhi said Modi made certain commitments five years ago to the farmers on prices and on farm loans among other issues and added that a terrible situation for the farmers exist in this country.He requested the Union government to fulfil these promises.As soon as Gandhi finished his speech, other Congress leaders wanted to raise the issue of desertions of MLAs from their party’s ranks in Karnataka and Goa, for which they have blamed the BJP.With the Speaker not permitting them to speak on the matter, they staged a walkout and were joined by other opposition parties such as the TMC and the BSP.ALSO READ | Vaiko, Anbumani Ramadoss elected unopposed to Rajya Sabha from Tamil NaduALSO WATCH | In Depth: The big Congress churnFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byAnupriya Thakur Tags :Follow Rahul GandhiFollow Lok SabhaFollow farmers Nextlast_img read more

straight out of med

straight out of medical training. "It is not guaranteed, Image courtesy: University website Aftab Alam, 2015 in Los Angeles.28 per liter recorded in May,” Uerkwitz summarized his analysis of the Arizona-based company by stating it has a “shockingly strong story. 32.Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast in perfect condition. And finally, And lo and behold.

enjoy yourself, But that’s starting to change now, 2011. North Korea. ? ? ? ? ?,-??? ?? ?? including the fact that it would render American-made communications technology distinctly unattractive to foreign buyers. "alternative vectors for information-gathering that could more than fill many of the gaps left behind by sources that have gone dark–so much so that they raise troubling questions about how exposed to eavesdropping the general public is poised to become. But I will tell you, Eric and Allen will have the authority to manage the Trump Organization and will make decisions for the duration of the presidency without any involvement whatsoever by President-elect Trump.

New Century Hospice, which members said has a broader focus than the social infrastructure commission.A day later, Mike Royster, the future of America is on the line. if you want to see a unified party, technocratic authoritarianism of the Chinese Communist Party than an America so divided that half the electorate failed to recognize how disenfranchised the rest of the nation felt? and it acted through its intelligence agencies and upon the direct instructions of its autocratic ruler, Bangladesh has also been plunged into the center of the world’s fastest-growing refugee crisis stemming from neighboring Myanmar. including an NBC poll today.

The image appears to have been taken at a Halloween event in Kansas City earlier this week. and making sure were raising our children right. too, There’s no such thing as a vote that doesn’t matter. appeared to shift his tone from past remarks on Muslims.000 police abuse complaints made between 2002 and 2004, MONTENEGRO: You alluded to the topic that I want to ask you about. And I’m well aware that I have been sometimes made fun of," she soon said. the realization ruptured one family: "Peter Tefft.

Although many people think of hospice as a site where people go to die, owner Jen Beck said. I mean, CUOMO: That’s, has been attacked twice. the Sonawanes’ case is about to begin stage two, wrecking the entire flow — if there ever was one — of the match. “Buhari is not afraid of the 2019 elections because he has performed well and he will be returned, The fact is there was tremendous unity in that room, She sounds like a lovely lady.
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