Normal court activities were yesterday interrupted at the Temple of Justice after it emerged that the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Alex Tyler, and Senator Varney Sherman of Grand Cape Mount County, two of the nation’s most powerful politicians, were turned over to Criminal Court C and expected to stand trial for their alleged involvement in the Global Witness alleged bribery scandal.Also arraigned in Criminal Court C in connection with the Global Witness allegations were Ernest C.B. Jones, Former Deputy Minister of Lands, Mines and Energy (LME), and one Christopher Onanuga. They are all expected to stand trial for their alleged involvement in a Global Witness report that linked them to the alleged US$950,000 bribery scandal.Global Witness is a United Kingdom-based environment and transparency watchdog, which alleged that Cllr. Sherman, with the support of Sable Mining, issued US$950,000 to former and present government officials to change the Public Procurement Concession and Commission Law in order to award the Wologizi Mountain located in Voinjama District, Lofa County, to Sable Mining Company.The Liberian government has charged them with bribery, economic sabotage, criminal conspiracy, solicitation and facilitation. Senator Sherman and Speaker Tyler had earlier refused to submit to the Cllr. Fonati Koffa task force established by President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf to probe the allegations. Senator Sherman is chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee that has oversight on all government business, especially those with legal implications.He is also the chairman of the ruling Unity Party (UP) on whose ticket Madam Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was twice elected President of Liberia. Senator Sherman was arrested early Wednesday morning around 5:30 a.m. at his Congo Town residence, where his indictment was served. He signed the court documents and subsequently agreed to travel with the court officers to the Temple of Justice.Sherman’s arrest came a day after his lawyers and prosecutors completed their final arguments as to whether or not the court should allow four banks to make public his banking transaction from January 2010 to September 2010, which ruling is pending for Monday, May 29.Besides Senator Sherman, E.C.B. Jones and Onanuga were both arrested at about 5:45 a.m., at separate locations in Monrovia, where they were served with similar indictments, before agreeing to be escorted by court officers to the Temple of Justice.For Speaker Tyler, he personally drove to the Temple of Justice at about 12:30 p.m., where court officers managed to arrest him and handed him the indictment, which he signed. However, the accused were allowed to return home, after two separate bonds to the tune of US$1,500,000 and US$150,000 were respectively posted for them by two insurance companies.The US$1,500,000 was secured by the Omega Insurance Company for Sherman, Jones and Onanuga, and the US$150,000 was posted on behalf of Speaker Tyler by Sky Insurance Company.The accused were later released following hours of closed door discussions with their legal counsels and Judge Emery Paye in his Chambers yesterday.Immediately following their release, dozens of people among whom were executives of the ruling Unity Party, who had trooped outside of the courtroom yesterday, were openly heard chanting, “We are going to resist any action to take our chairman to prison, because he has done nothing wrong to deserve such punishment.”Meanwhile, other were heard shouting, “Rogue! Rogue! Rogue! Take those criminals to jail.”Earlier, UP vice chairman for political affairs, Dr. Isaac Manneh, in a conversation with the Daily Observer, expressed disappointment over the arrest of his chairman, but said, “The party will take a decision on the matter today.”“This is a court matter and I am very careful to make a definite decision for now, because the court is the right place for this issue,” Dr. Manneh noted.The four count indictment, drawn by the Grand Jury for Montserrado County, alleges that during the period of 2010 to 2011, as a team through various communications and each of them being strategically placed in various positions in government, with the support of Sable Mining, criminally strategized and intentionally requested and was given more than US$900,000 to perform their official duties.The document further alleges that codefendant Jones, being LMN Deputy Minister at that time, requested and received US$75,000 for conducting the smooth passage of the amended PPCC Law containing the provision for the Ministry to have the power to declare a concession area a non-bidding area, which is Article 75 of the amended PPCC Act, so as to facilitate the awarding of the concession agreement on the Wologizi Mountain to Sable Mining.The court record also alleged that the defendants jointly and severally demanded compensation for the performance of their official duties, hence the crime of bribery.It also stated that the defendants used their offices to effect the objective of their plan, which was to alter the PPCC Law and did succeed in having the law changed to give the Ministry the power to declare an area a non-bidding area as reflected in the PPCC Article.“The act of the defendants were carried out in concert and with the full knowledge of every defendant; so as not to get caught in their acts, were always covering up one conduct which constitutes a crime, and any one or more of such persons does an act of effect the objective of the conspiracy,” the document claims.The document states that the acts of the defendants were well calculated into a scheme for the purpose of generating interest for themselves rather than the citizenry.“That the diversion of the law to suit the defendants’ intent and the demand and receipt of compensation for official duties was intended to strangulate the government economically,” the court records allege. “The defendants, with the full knowledge of Varney Sherman, were threading a dangerous path to obstruct every effort to retrieve credible records and interactions with persons who were part of the conspiracy to send and receive cash for the achievement of the objectives.”According to the indictment, the codefendants during the period aided each other knowing that such assistance was for the purpose of committing a crime.“Codefendant Sherman and Sable Mining provided the funding while Jones, Onanuga and Tyler requested and received the value for the conduct of official duties,” the document concluded.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
– Advertisement – National Coach James Salinsa Debbah is hoping for a miracle The humiliation that the national soccer team suffered at the hands of the Zimbabwean national soccer team, Warriors, on Sunday was received with recriminations as many Liberians are asking why it happened.And of course, those who asked the question were right to some extent to demand to know why the country that produced one of the best soccer players in the world, only a few years ago, is unable to hold itself against unsung countries in competitive encounters, even when the opportunity is there to see.But I think one question that should be asked is: Why should Lone Star win? The answer to this question should explain the reason Lone Star should defeat the Warriors.Consider these further questions: Has the national league produced quality footballers that Liberia can depend on in international encounters? Since most of the players were local materials, meaning they are players from the national league, does it mean that the 3-0 defeat indicates that our local coaches are not living up to their qualifications as CAF License A and B coaches?Are the coaches in failing to apply what they learnt during their professional training as coaches that they earned the CAF License A and B Certificates? Enough with the questions, right?On the field of play, a report by LBS’s Kolubah Zayzay, who was with the players, indicates that the members of the national team were unable to exert their authority on the pitch and along with faulty passes the players up front were unable to threaten their opponents’ defense, except at least on one occasion.Another question: How prepared was the national team against Zimbabwe? Please recall that when the CAF’s and FIFA’s windows that allowed national teams to play friendly matches came, several months before last Sunday’s game in Harare, Liberia did not take advantage of it.It was only some days to the game that a local team was selected to play a friendly against Sierra Leone in Monrovia. In that match careful observers should have recognized that Lone Star managed a 1-0 victory, the goal coming in the 79th minute. And so playing before a home crowd, and at their favorite field, Lone Star players could not take over the game.Now with little preparation, since it is not possible for the national team players to be in Liberia all at once at least three weeks before any encounter, many who are crying why Lone Star lost should have realized that anything in life for which you fail to plan, it goes without saying that it is a recipe for disaster or failure.Liberia’s next match is against DR Congo in Monrovia, next March, and I bet you that no preparation will be done until two weeks before the match. When that happens, what would you expect? Answer that question for yourself.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
0Shares0000A man reacts as he watches the the UEFA Champions League final football match, between Real Madrid and Liverpool, at a coffee shop in the Egyptian capital Cairo on May 26, 2018 © AFP/File / KHALED DESOUKICAIRO, Egypt, Jun 12 – Should top athletes fast during Ramadan? The question has provoked an often heated debate in Muslim countries, particularly as national teams prepare for the 2018 World Cup.For Egypt, Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, and Morocco — four Muslim-majority countries competing in this year’s World Cup in Russia — the end of the Muslim holy month on Thursday coincides with the tournament’s kick-off. Throughout Ramadan, observant Muslims are expected to abstain from eating and drinking from sunrise to sunset.The traditional fast has long proved divisive among players, fans, coaches and preachers — and this year was no different.In the lead up to World Cup play, Egypt’s failure to win any of its pre-tournament friendly matches — three of which were played during Ramadan — brought strong criticism from its fans.But despite their lacklustre performance, The Pharaohs remained “determined” to fast the entire month, according to a statement put out by the Egyptian Football Association in late May.– ‘Affected performance’ –After the team’s 0-0 draw against Colombia on June 1, The Pharaohs’ Argentinian coach Hector Cuper said the Ramadan fast had “affected the players” performance.Cuper’s comments came shortly after Egyptian superstar forward Mohamed Salah was injured while playing for Liverpool in the European Champions League final.An observant Muslim, Salah decided not to fast ahead of the May 26 match in Kiev against Real Madrid — which Liverpool lost 3-1.A Kuwaiti sheikh said Salah’s injured shoulder — which kept him out of the remaining friendly matches — was “divine punishment”.But religious figures and citizens across the region rushed to defend Salah — beloved both in Egypt and across the Arab world.In Saudi Arabia — home to Islam’s two holiest sites — the kingdom’s football federation sparked controversy earlier this year when it ruled players could abstain from the fast if they applied for a “permit”.The decision angered Saudis, who denounced it on social media.But prominent religious leader Saleh al-Maghamsi upheld the ruling, saying Saudi players headed to the World Cup had “the right not to fast, if they want, because they will be travelling”.Travel is among several conditions that absolve practising Muslims from the normally obligatory fast.In Tunisia, players organised their schedule around fasting hours, training just before iftar — the breaking of the fast.“Sport and fasting is a difficult equation, it’s also an old debate that will not end,” wrote Tunisian French-language newspaper La Presse.“Maybe science will make some progress and we’ll come up with new ways for high-level athletes to observe Ramadan without that question arising too often,” it wrote.Well aware of the delicate debate, Morocco’s head coach Herve Renard told a press briefing at the end of May that he “did not want to deal with it, deliberately, because it is a sensitive subject”.The Higher Council of Ulema, the only religious body in Morocco that can issue fatwas, has also remained silent on the matter.– ‘Balanced diet’ –The highest Sunni religious authority in Egypt, Al-Azhar, has taken a measured approach to the topic.“If athletes have difficulty reaching the limit of their ability to combine fasting and the fulfilment of their duties, they can break their fast,” Al-Azhar’s International Center for Electronic Fatwa told AFP.But Egyptian sports doctor Sherif Azmy thinks otherwise.He insists that fasting, when well-planned, does not interfere with athletic performance.“For an athlete, and especially a footballer, it is necessary during Ramadan to maintain a balanced diet,” he said.Despite the daily fast, adequate proportions of protein, fat, sugar, carbohydrates and especially water should be consumed in three staggered meals, he said.Azmy said FIFA’s guidelines also make room for fasting players.The rules, he said, indicate that “no match should be held until three or four hours after iftar,” allowing players enough time to break their fast well ahead of the game.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
1 Steven Davis’ goal v Greece Steven Davis’s unbelievable headed goal helped Northern Ireland beat Greece 3-1 in Belfast and qualify for Euro 2016.The Southampton player cleverly powered a header into the far corner from the edge of the box to grab his second of the game.The midfielder scored twice and Josh Magennis got the other on a memorable night at Windsor Park as the hosts reached their first international tournament since 1986.Watch the goal below.
Donegal North East Sinn Féin TD, Pádraig Mac Lochlainn has described the septic tank charges as a tax on rural Donegal – or a ‘fresh air tax’.He has called on the Minister for the Environment, Phil Hogan to outline how his Government proposes to support struggling families to cope with the cost of replacing septic tanks deemed to be faulty under an EU Waste Water Directive now to be implemented later this year.Cost estimates vary between €12k and €18k. The TD was speaking after the Minister finally announced plans for the implementation of the Directive in the 26 Counties.Deputy Mac Lochlainn and Sinn Féin have organised two public meetings in Donegal North East to raise public awareness about the issue and build support for their campaign against the unfair financial burden this may have on many rural families.He said Sinn Féin Councillors also ensured that motions opposing these costs were passed at Donegal County Council and Letterkenny Town Council.Deputy Mac Lochlainn said: “The potential costs to rural households in meeting this Directive if an inspection results in an instruction to replace a septic tank is the main concern for rural families in Donegal and across the state. “Minister Phil Hogan has not mentioned any Government support to hard pressed families that may be left with costs in the thousands of euro.“Fairness and equality must be central to government policy and this requires equal support for those living in rural and urban areas. However it is clear that the Government’s approach to this Directive discriminates against rural Donegal.”The Inishowen man said hundreds of millions are spent by Central Government and Local Authorities every year on Capital projects that upgrade urban waste water systems.Over the last decade, tens of millions have been spent in Donegal alone in urban areas of the county.Every single rural household had to pay thousands for the site assessment required under planning laws and for the installation of the septic tank itself. “So urban waste water are entirely free, subsidised by general taxation and rural waste water systems are not subsidised one cent by general taxation,” said the TDHe continued: “Furthermore, even with all that investment in urban waste water treatment in Donegal, many towns and villages are still heavily polluting Loughs, rivers and streams. And Central Government and Donegal County Council are going to preach to rural householders about environmental standards!“So, while any reasonable person would of course agree that we need to protect our water/ marine systems, the arguments put forward for implementation of this EU Directive smack of double standards and are unjust to rural communities.“The bottom line is that all waste water systems should be equally subsidised to reach an acceptable environmental standard, funded by general taxation and EU funding. “Or are we taxing people for living in rural communities. A fresh air tax if you like.”He concluded: “There should be no registration charge for septic tank householders whatsoever as is the case in other EU member states and no inspection fee whatsoever. But most importantly, the Government must immediately outline how they intend to support rural families forced to replace their septic tanks. There must be a level playing pitch for rural and urban families”© 2011 donegaldaily.com, all Rights ReservedFollow us on www.twitter.com/donegaldailyFollow us on www.facebook.com/donegaldailySell anything on www.donegaldailyclassifieds.comSEPTIC TANK CHARGES ARE ‘LIKE TAX ON FRESH AIR’, SAYS TD was last modified: November 7th, 2011 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:septic charges
Majella on The Late Late Show – donegaldaily.comMAJELLA O’Donnell has spoken of her battle with cancer – and told other people getting the illness: “You can fight back.”The brave wife of singer Daniel also choked back tears on the Late Late Show on RTE1 as she spoke of how she fought cancer as her father died.And she also revealed that she had told Daniel to continue his work because she wanted him to do it – even though he wanted to stay with her. Majella was speaking to Ryan Tubridy just days after having a double mastectomy.“It’s not very nice but it’s doable,” she said of her battle with cancer.“When you hear the word ‘cancer’ it doesn’t mean it’s the end. I’m here now seven months later and I’m cured.”She revealed that Daniel is set to quit the music industry for at least 18 months so that the couple can spend time together. Majella said it had been “a huge decision for him” and went on: “We might do a long cruise – it is going to be amazing, not thinking about ticket sales, or CDs or the next concert.”She spoke lovingly of the Kincasslagh man saying he had “cemented himself as my soulmate” over the past year.And she said she wanted to make it clear that it was her decision that Daniel continued his UK tour while she continued chemotherapy.“Even some of my friends were saying that was wrong but I said ‘you don’t understand’ because this was my decision. You don’t understand that this is what I want.“It did look bad on him and if it was down to him he’d have been there but that is not what I wanted. I want him now that I’m well again.” Majella said Daniel’s career break would be fun.She also discussed getting her hair shaved off on the Late Late Show last year – with Ryan admitting that even RTE had doubts about doing it.“It could could have backfired,” admitted Majella.“Maybe people wouldn’t like it.” However it had worked – and €600,000 had been raised for the Irish Cancer Society.And Majella revealed that an incredible 623,000 people had read a ‘thank you’ comment she had left on Daniel’s Facebook page on Tuesday.She finished her interview by speaking into the camera to warn people about cancer.“Get to know your body, get to know changes – men and women – it doesn’t mean it is an absolute catastrophe – don’t disregard it, go and check it out. The earlier you find it the better it is. I’m here now and I’m cured,” she said.MAJELLA: “WHEN YOU HEAR THE WORD ‘CANCER’ IT DOESN’T MEAN IT’S THE END” was last modified: February 22nd, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:canccerdaniel o’donnellLate Late ShowMajellaO’Donnell
Jason on Mont Blanc todayEVEREST hero Jason Black has done it again – this time on top of Europe.The Letterkenny man and his team reached the top of Mont Blanc earlier today, one of the world’s toughest climbs.And that famous Donegal flag which has journeyed from Errigal to Everest was unfurled for the occasion….at 4,810 metres. Jason was joined on this incredible journey by three other Donegal men – Clive and Keith Davidson and Francie Gallagher.“The euphoria was amazing and to be with three great men from Donegal on the trip was incredible,” said Jason.And he revealed all four made the final ascent…with bellies full of Ready Brek!“We slowly made our way up and it was just specular, the sky was crystal clear and the stars so bright up here,” said Jason. The Davidsons and Francie“Clive took the lead as we left the Gouter refuge now nearing 3.30am with a near perfect slow and steady pace.“Two hours of hard climbing saw us round the eastern slopes of the Dome du Gouter with minimal stops every now and again to let the hard working lungs catch up with the legs, the lads were flying working hard step after step.“The lads were overwhelmed as they punched the sky with joy as they shared this magical moment. The views were unreal and spectacular, high above the clouds with great visibility.“Then as a surprise I pulled out pride of all the donegal (Mt Everest) summit flag as we basked in the joyful photos marking this life long memorable moment.”Great stuff! HE’S DONE IT AGAIN! JASON BLACK REACHES SUMMIT OF MONT BLANC was last modified: October 1st, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Jason BlackMont Blanc
A chopper delivers stone to the pathways around Sliabh Liag.Mountaineering Ireland has called on Donegal County Council to halt works to put in new pathways at Sliabh Liag.The group has carried out two visits to the site and said they do not think the pathways are of a high enough standard.The group first visited the leading tourist site on August 27th and raised concerns that the contract team carrying out the works lacked relevant experience. The group then invited an internationally recognised expert in upland path management to visit the site.Dr Bob Aitken visited the site on September 16th, and although the site showed some improvement, the overall work did not meet an acceptable standard, according to Dr Aitken.A spokesman for Mountaineering Ireland said it is now again calling on Donegal County Council to stop the works.“Mountaineering Ireland again called on Donegal County Council to halt the work and to bring more relevant expertise into the project. “Despite these requests work is continuing. Slieve League is an iconic landscape which we have a shared responsibility to protect for the benefit of future generations. The quality of any remedial work at Slieve League should match the quality of this magnificent landscape.“The skills and techniques to deal effectively with upland path erosion and visitor management in sensitive environments have been developed across Britain over the last four decades. We are in the early stages of building a similar body of expertise in Ireland.“Through the Helping the Hills initiative Mountaineering Ireland has been working with a number of other organisations to share experience and learning in this area. In the meantime we shouldn’t accept a second-class solution for Slieve League or any of Ireland’s mountains.”A statement from Donegal County Council said it has noted the call by Mountaineering Ireland.“Mountaineering Ireland has raised concerns with Donegal County Council in the recent past in relation to works at Sliabh Liag and these concerns have been noted. “Donegal County Council will ensure that all works on the Sliabh Liag Project will be completed to the highest standard.”MOUNTAINEERING IRELAND CALLS ON COUNCIL TO STOP PATHWAY WORKS AT SLIABH LIAG was last modified: September 29th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Mountaineering Irelandpathatssliabh liagstone
CODY, Wyoming >> The 97th annual Cody Stampede came to a close on July 4th with a new slate of saddle bronc riders at the top of the leaderboard.The top four positions changed with the winners having a combined 22 Wrangler National Finals Rodeo (NFR) qualifications and three world titles. All of them are related and come from the same hometown. It’s no surprise that they all share the same last name — Wright.Winning the rodeo with an 88-point ride was four-time NFR qualifier Jake Wright, who …
Psychological Fitness: Keeping Your Mind FitCoping with the stressors and realities of deployment takes a fit mind, not just a fit body. Psychological fitness is about strengthening performance and resilience. It involves the way one:Thinks and processes informationFeels about themself, others and the environmentAct in response to thoughts and feelingsUnderstanding what makes up psychological fitness and how to develop a healthier mental state can improve military family readiness to confront the challenges of life – both in the military and in civilian life. Learning stress management tips to build coping skills is important part of strengthening psychological health.Keeping fit can also require getting help to address psychological health concerns. Reach out to line leaders, doctors or chaplains for appropriate care right away if military family members:Can’t shake feeling down or worriedHave thoughts that repeatedly cause anxietyHave sleep problemsHave thoughts about hurting themselfResources are available and they work. Contact the Psychological Health Resource Center 24/7 by calling 1-866-966-1020 for answers to questions.Behavioral Fitness: Coping Skills Build ResilienceBeing behaviorally fit means controlling actions to the benefit of military family health. There are three primary components of this domain, including:Substance misuse prevention (e.g., alcohol in moderation)Risk mitigation (e.g., wearing seat belt, helmet use)Hygiene promotion (e.g., getting enough sleep, hand washing)Rather than engaging in behaviors that may lead down an unhealthy path, navigate through tough times by managing stress and building resilience in positive ways, including through exercise or spiritual activities. Healthy coping skills, like pursuing hobbies and other creative activities, can also lower risk of substance misuse, sleep loss, relationship difficulties and more – all problems that can affect military family well-being and careers.Spiritual FitnessFor many, spirituality may be a relationship with God and certain religious practices. For others, it plays out in non-religious ways, such as through a focus on family or nature. However expressed, spirituality can promote healthy connections with others, healthy lifestyle choices and the strength to endure hard times.Spirituality can:Help cope with multiple deployments, combat stress or injuryEncourage a supportive environment and foster military family cohesionHelp cope with “moral injuries,” which can occur from either awareness of, participating in or witnessing certain acts that may conflict with deeply held moral beliefs and expectationsAs military families and members of civilian communities, spirituality can play a key role in a family’s well-being. Research has linked spirituality to increased optimism, less anxiety and depression, fewer suicides and greater marital stability.Medical and Dental FitnessThe medical and dental fitness domain involves multiple evaluation tools to determine whether service members and their families are medically fit for mission duties and deployment. Military medical fitness specifically establishes that one is:Free of contagious diseases that would likely endanger the health of other personnelFree of medical conditions or physical defects that would require excessive lost duty time for treatments or hospitalization or would likely result in separation from service for medical unfitnessFree of medical conditions or physical defects that would require excessive lost duty time for treatments or hospitalization or would likely result in separation from service for Medically incapable of satisfactorily completing any and all required trainingFree of medical conditions or physical defects that would require excessive lost duty time for treatments or hospitalization or would likely result in separation from service for Medically capable of performing duties without aggravation of existing physical defects or medical conditionsDetermining medical fitness involves evaluation tools, including DNA, immunizations, periodic health assessments, hearing and vision assessments, dental health, and a behavioral health assessment.Sleep is also an important aspect of medical fitness, as it provides improved judgment, reduced obesity, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease, improved resilience, and more rapid recovery from behavioral health problems, injury and illness.Environmental FitnessMilitary families and their service members that are environmentally fit are able to perform or support duties well in any environment, such as in high altitudes or contaminated areas, and withstand multiple stressors associated with some military missions. Combating the stresses associated with challenging environments involves the following two sets of tools:Biomedical (i.e., nutrition, hydration)Mission-related (i.e., the equipment and clothing available to service members)Adapting to challenging environments involves acclimating to the particular conditions (e.g., cold temperatures, high altitudes, etc.), building up service-member tolerance while exposed to certain environmental stresses and cross-tolerance, when they adapt to environment stresses prior to any exposure. Leaders should ensure that appropriate risk assessments are conducted prior to entering and extreme climate. Additionally, routine risk assessments for all conditions should include an environmental component. Prior to deploying to a different environment, proper equipment for that climate should be issued and leaders should monitor for appropriate utilization. While deployed to difficult environments, service-members can often take steps to assist in adapting, such as use of proper vision and hearing protection, DoD insect repellent system and water purification techniques. Military family members can provide helpful assistance and accountability checks in this domain.Nutritional FitnessNutritional fitness includes providing and consuming all types of foods in quantities, quality, and proportions sufficient to preserve mission performance and to protect against disease or injury.Healthy foods are fuel for the body. This fuel is important to physical and mental performance, and helps maintain emotional control during field operations. or while family members are deployed. Beyond performance, nutrition also plays an important role in protecting overall health throughout a lifetime. A diet rich in whole grains, lean protein, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products helps lower the risk of certain diseases such as diabetes.Nutritional needs are not universally the same. Daily fluid and food requirements depend on body mass, physical activity and the environment in which the work is performed. While military nutrition efforts have traditionally focused on making sure service members are eating enough, the concern today is about eating too much. Consuming more calories than you need leads to excess weight. Being overweight can impact the success of missions, and the military family’s ability to support missions, as well as raise the risk for heart disease, certain cancers, diabetes and more.Social FitnessSocial fitness involves building and maintaining healthy relationships with others. It also plays a role in supporting optimal performance and resilience. Social fitness is multi-dimensional and includes not only friends and family, but also recreation, religion and hobbies, as well as bosses and peers. Social activity can help relieve stress, build connections with others, and ease the strain of missing family and friends.Unit cohesion is an important component within social fitness. When service members, their fellow unit members, and their families exhibit healthy social connections and behaviors, the unit thrives and enhances community capacity. The stronger the unit is socially, the more resilient it is. Having a clear understanding of service values, the mission and its meaning is key in supporting healthy social networks and healthy military families.SourcesMAJ Tonja C. Roy and others. “Total Force Fitness for the 21st Century – A New Paradigm (link is external),” [PDF 17.54MB] Military Medicine: Supplement to Military Medicine – Volume 175. Published August 2010.Total Fitness for the 21st Century: Conference Report [PDF 550KB], Institute for Alternative Futures, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. Published December 30, 2009. In our last Friday Field Notes, we discussed how experts from the operational, scientific and educational communities came together to integrate the components of health and fitness under the title “Total Force Fitness for the 21st Century.” Today we will unpack these components.The concept of Total Force Fitness encompasses eight domains:MINDPsychologicalBehavioralSpiritualSocialBODYPhysicalMedical and DentalNutritionalEnvironmentalTotal Force Fitness involves seamlessly integrating fitness of the mind, body and spirit. Achieving total fitness is a state in which service members, their families and the family’s unit/organization can sustain optimal well-being and performance even, under difficult conditions. Total Force Fitness is critical to Military Family Readiness and Lethality.Physical Fitness: Training Year-Round Boosts ResilienceIn the military community, physical fitness involves service members and their families’ ability to physically handle all aspects of a mission, while at the same time remaining healthy and uninjured to meet the criteria for retention and continued military service. Year-round exercise can help build and maintain warrior and military family lethality and psychological health and resilience, and some studies have shown that it may improve mood and attitude.The latest military fitness guidance emphasizes the need to focus on “mission and job task-oriented fitness.” This involves having a well-rounded approach to fitness routines that reflects the various types of conditions that your service member might experience. Physical fitness assessments (link is external) can provide important tools to measure whether your service member’s fitness efforts effectively complement mission duties, but they can also be a great way for military family members to stay connected with their service member and to maintain their own psychological health and resilience.