Apple Wants Devs To Love Swift, Its Shiny New Language—But There’s A Catch

first_imgWhy You Love Online Quizzes Apple has high hopes for Swift, a brand-new coding language it unveiled for its developers on Monday at its Worldwide Developers Conference. To Apple, Swift is a simpler, safer, faster-to-run alternative to the somewhat clunky and error prone language Objective-C now used to write apps for iPhones, iPads and Macs.Essentially, Apple is wagering that Swift will save enough time and effort that it might encourage more developers try their hand at building iOS apps. So Apple would clearly like to see developers learn and adopt Swift—well, swiftly.If only it were that easy.With Swift, Apple is performing a complicated straddle between its current technology—the language and tools that developers are familiar with—and its shiny new language of the future. Swift certainly offers a number of attractive new features, including automatic memory management  intended to kill off a class of insidious bugs that plague Objective-C, a “playground” feature that visualizes a program’s actions for easy debugging, and a simplified syntax designed to be both easier to learn and less prone to error.But to maintain continuity with existing apps, tool suites and code libraries, Swift also snuggles up close to Objective-C. It works directly with Cocoa and Cocoa Touch, the Objective-C frameworks that drive OS X and iOS applications. Since the Cocoa libraries are implemented in Objective-C, developers can run Swift code and Objective C code side by side.The trick here is that this kind of interoperability basically has to work perfectly for Swift to succeed. If it doesn’t, then developers will still need to tinker with Objective-C to make their apps work—and that means keeping up to speed in two languages, not one. Which is not the kind of chore developers tend to take on gladly.They certainly didn’t the last time something like Swift came along.The RubyMotion ExperimentAccording to Gregg Pollack, the founder and CEO of Code School, today’s programmers aren’t usually prepared for the complexity that is Objective-C. “Lots of developers started out learning Java, Ruby, and Python,” he said. “Moving from that to Objective-C is foreign, difficult, and full of ways for you to shoot yourself in the foot.”Unfortunately, Objective-C was long the only language for building iOS and OS X apps. That’s largely because the Cocoa and Cocoa Touch APIs (see our API explainer) for Mac OS X and iOS are written in Objective-C, which means that developers usually write apps for Apple devices in the same language to maximize their performance.But that’s not a hard-and-fast rule. You can use another programming language, so long as it can interface with the Objective-C code libraries in Cocoa and Cocoa Touch. So after seven years working for Apple, programmer and Ruby enthusiast Laurent Sansonetti started a new venture in 2012. Its mission? RubyMotion, an interface to make it possible to program iOS apps in Ruby.As programming languages go, Ruby is well loved. It reads almost like English, with little unnecessary syntax. But RubyMotion never caught on. “When things didn’t work, you’d still have to go a layer lower and tweak the Objective-C underneath,” Pollack said. “Now you had to know both Ruby and Objective-C—and the Cocoa framework—in order to build an iOS app effectively. So people said, ‘Why not just use Objective-C?’”In some ways Swift is like an official Apple version of the RubyMotion experiment. It’s an easier language that interfaces directly with the Objective-C libraries and Cocoa and Cocoa Touch  frameworks. But that means many—possibly all—Swift users are still going to need to know Objective-C. If that’s the case, why not just stick to what you know? That’s why Pollack doesn’t expect a sudden shift.“There’s always a learning curve with new languages,” said Pollack. “It could take years for bigger companies to pick it up. They’ve got bigger apps they’ve worked on for years in Objective-C. They already have Objective-C developers. Why take the time to train them all in Swift, a language that hasn’t been proven yet?”The Promise Of SwiftOf course, Swift has a few advantages RubyMotion could only dream of. RubyMotion was invented by a former developer; Swift is the favored child of Apple. Swift, says Apple, provides “seamless compatibility” with Cocoa and Cocoa Touch.It’s easy to sabotage yourself in Objective-C, which doesn’t always alert you to errors before testing a running app. If you create a variable and forget to assign it a value—easy enough to do—and then try to use that variable in a calculation, the resulting error can crash your app. Meanwhile, Swift will alert you ahead of time if you’re trying to use any variables that haven’t been assigned, saving you the time and headaches of trying to figure out why your program is crashing.Swift also provides an advantage over Objective-C in its speed. Some Objective-C operations, like sorting and loops, have an inherent delay because of the number of functions that are called repeatedly under the hood. The compiler doesn’t know which of a dozen ways a function or object was used, so it tries many. Thanks to compiler optimization built exclusively for Swift, however, Apple says running Swift code is significantly faster than Objective-C.That means that apps built with Swift could be faster and smoother for the end user, too. Jon Friskics, Code School’s iOS expert, predicted that users will notice increased speed in games and animations coded in Swift.“The optimization won’t just make compiling faster and less prone to errors, but also the apps themselves,” he said. “Computationally intensive tasks like animations will likely run a little bit smoother.”Of course, Swift is still a baby coding language. It almost certainly has its share of bugs (yes, computer languages have bugs, too). It’s likely going to go through a number of iterations and improvements while Apple and its beta testers fix them.And Swift has one giant card up its sleeve that RubyMotion never had: It’s an Apple product, and that means Apple can change its APIs to suit the new language. If Swift does live up to its potential, it’s almost inevitable that Apple will eventually rewrite its Cocoa APIs in Swift, eliminating its primary dependence on Objective-C. If and when that happens, Swift will rapidly become the only Apple development language most programmers will ever need to learn.Swift has the potential to make iOS development easier and, here’s hoping, enjoyable. At least that’s Pollack’s prediction:Years from now, people will be able to just learn Swift and won’t have to learn Objective C. It’s going to take a lot of pain out of becoming an app developer. It could make it a lot more pleasurable to become an iOS developer—easier to learn, and more fun for people to program. 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Related Posts How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees?center_img lauren orsini Tags:#Apple#development#iOS#Objective-C#programming#Swift Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoidlast_img read more

BAI awards 5 lakh to Kidambi Srikanth for winning Australian Open Super Series

first_imgAce Indian shuttler Kidambi Srikanth extended his stellar run of form to become the first Indian male to win two consecutive Super Series titles after he won the Australian Open Super Series today and etched his name in the history of Indian badminton.To celebrate this historic moment, Himanta Biswa Sarma and Badminton Association of India (BAI) have announced a cash reward of 5 lakhs for Srikanth, who not only won his fourth Super Series title but also became the only sixth badminton player in the world to make it to three consecutive Super Series finals .In the finals, he was up against the current Olympic champion Chen Long of China and the Gunter Lad was in supreme best against the world No. 6 and won the match 22-20, 21-16 in a rather comfortable manner.Sarma was delighted at Srikanth’s feat and congratulated him after his amazing win.”We are really very proud of Srikanth for his achievements. It is simply phenomenal. He has not only made the whole country proud once again but has etched his name among the best and no word would be enough to praise Srikanth,” Dr. Sarma said.Reiterating President’s views Anup Narang, official spokesperson and Secretary General of BAI, further added, “It is indeed a very huge achievement for Srikanth and Indian badminton. The entire BAI is in a jubilant mood and I am sure the same is the case with badminton fans across the country.”Apart from Srikanth, performance of other Indian players at the Australian Open Super Series were also great as Sai Praneeth, PV Sindhu and Saina Nehwal all made it to the quarter-finals of the tournament.advertisementlast_img read more

Former football coach who crashed car before abuse trial ‘took his own life’

first_img Read more news Share on Messenger Share on Twitter Kit Carson, a football star-maker with a dark history of alleged abuse A junior football coach killed himself on the morning of his trial on child sexual abuse charges by driving his car at speed directly into a tree, an inquest into his death has concluded.Michael “Kit” Carson, 75, who helped develop a series of well-known footballers, was driving in the wrong direction on his way to Peterborough crown court where his trial would take place, the inquest was told on Monday.Assistant coroner Simon Milburn concluded Carson deliberately took his own life after police said the road conditions were good, no other traffic was involved and there was no evidence that he had lost control of his car.The inquest in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, heard that Carson’s red Mazda travelled along a grass verge for almost 50 metres before smashing head-on into a tree. No alcohol or drugs were found in his body that could have affected his judgement, neither other underlying illnesses that could have contributed.Speaking after the hearing, former Peterborough junior player Dion Raitt, who has described being abused both by Carson and a second junior coach, Bob Higgins, now serving a prison sentence for sexual attacks that took place over 25 years, said he had mixed emotions at the conclusion.Raitt said: “Carson took the coward’s way out. He’s not going to remain thought of as a great coach any more. Everyone can see through it now. He’s committed suicide on the day of court to avoid prison. That is cowardly. Survivors haven’t had their day in court but this just may help them get some closure.”Raitt, an ambassador for the organisation the Offside Trust, which works with survivors of abuse in sport, said he hoped the coroner’s conclusion might prompt others to come forward.Steve Walters, another football abuse survivor and a spokesperson for the Offside Trust, expressed relief and said the conclusion would “provide some justice to survivors of Carson”.During a successful career, Carson worked as a junior developer for clubs including Norwich City and Peterborough United and also scouted for Chelsea.After the Guardian broke the football abuse scandal, dozens of former players contacted the police about Carson. He was arrested and due to be tried by a jury on charges involving 11 boys, which he denied.In a statement to the inquest, Carson’s widow, Pauline, said they had got on with family life while he was on bail and he had been looking forward to defending himself in court.But she added he had got mixed up over the date of the trial and thought he had to be in court on Wednesday 9 January.She said that at 9am on the morning of Monday 7 January, Carson contacted his barrister to ask him about the arrangements for that week only to be told that he needed to be in court at 10am that day. His barrister told him to take his time but to get to court when he could.Carson quickly changed into a pinstriped suit, a tie and said goodbye to his wife, the court heard. “He was stressed and confused,” she said.The most direct route to the court from Carson’s home in Cambridge was west via the A14 and north up the A1 – a 40-mile journey. Children Topics Share on Facebookcenter_img Reuse this content Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Share via Email Child protection Share on Pinterest But Carson appears to have driven east and shortly after 9.30am his Mazda left the A1303 near the village of Bottisham and smashed into a tree. Passersby, paramedics and an air ambulance crew tried to save his life but he died from brain injuries.A forensic collision investigator, PC Sean Redman, said the weather was calm and clear and the road surface not slippery.The Mazda’s tyre tracks suggested the vehicle had left the road without skidding or braking and the car had travelled in a straight line into the tree. There was no evidence that any other vehicle was involved and the car had no mechanical faults. Carson was not using his phone at the time. He was wearing his seat belt.The officer agreed with the coroner that the route had not been the “logical” one to take if he had been heading to court and Carson appeared to have been heading away from Peterborough rather than towards it. There were no traffic delays on the A14 or A1 that might have prompted Carson to try to find an alternative route.The coroner said there was no evidence of Carson taking “avoiding action” before hitting the tree. He said: “In my view the obvious inference is that he intended to take his own life. My conclusion is that sadly Mr Carson committed suicide.”Members of Carson’s family, including his wife, attended the hearing but did not comment.Carson had denied counts of indecent assault and one of inciting a child to engage in sexual activity between 1978 and 2009.In the UK and Ireland, Samaritans can be contacted on 116 123 or email jo@samaritans.org or jo@samaritans.ie. In the US, the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is 1-800-273-8255. In Australia, the crisis support service Lifeline is 13 11 14. Other international helplines can be found at www.befrienders.org.last_img read more

Dwayne Haskins Is Scheduled To Meet With 5 NFL Teams This Week

first_imgohio state quarterback dwayne haskinsINDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA – DECEMBER 01: Dwayne Haskins Jr. #7 of the Ohio State Buckeyes throws a pass down field in the game against the Northwestern Wildcats in the second quarter at Lucas Oil Stadium on December 01, 2018 in Indianapolis, Indiana. (Photo by Andy Lyons/Getty Images)As popular as Kyler Murray has become in recent weeks, Dwayne Haskins has been near the top of this year’s quarterback crop for a long time. Prospective NFL teams are finally getting a chance to meet with him, and it would appear he has quite a number of suitors.According to ESPN NFL insider Adam Schefter, Haskins is scheduled for meetings and workouts with no fewer than five NFL teams. Per the report, he will meet with the Oakland Raiders and Miami Dolphins during the Ohio State Pro Day. After that, he is slated to visit the Washington Redskins, Denver Broncos, and New York Giants.All five of those teams pick in the top-15, with Oakland, New York, and Denver picking in the top ten. More importantly, the five teams each have very pressing needs at the quarterback position.In the coming days, Ohio State QB Dwayne Haskins is scheduled to work out for Raiders and Dolphins in Columbus, and then he’s also scheduled to visit the Redskins, Broncos and Giants, per league sources.— Adam Schefter (@AdamSchefter) March 20, 2019As for which team is in the best position to draft him, that could be determined by whether the Arizona Cardinals choose to draft Oklahoma quarterback Kyler Murray No. 1 overall.If they do, the Raiders might want to pull the trigger on Haskins when they make their selection at four – which could in turn cause a bidding war for a team looking to move in front of them.Haskins finished third in the Heisman trophy voting this past year while having a record-breaking season with the Ohio State Buckeyes.He broke just about every Ohio State or Big Ten passing record en route to a 13-1 season and a win in the Rose Bowl.last_img read more

Last Foundation Installed at DanTysk OWF

first_img此页面无法正确加载 Google 地图。您是否拥有此网站?确定 Print  Close My location zoom After nine months of construction, the last of the 80 foundations for the DanTysk offshore wind farm has been installed.The up to 65 metres long and up to 950 tonnes heavy, cylindrical steel foundations – monopiles – were anchored in the seabed using a special hammer. Work was done in water depths of up to 32 metres, 70 km west of the German island Sylt.To protect noise-sensitive harbour porpoises, newly developed technologies for noise reduction were used. In this case, a so-called bubble curtain with up to three rings of air bubbles. They were activated before the start of hammering down the monopiles, and the air bubble curtains has proved to be an effective way of mitigating the disturbing sound for the harbour porpoises. DanTysk, December 13, 2013last_img read more

Ulstein Launches Its Largest Offshore Vessel Yet

first_imgOn Tuesday night, August 25th, yard number 302 Island Venture, an offshore construction vessel for Island Offshore/Edison Chouest Offshore, was launched from the dock hall at Norwegian shipbuilder Ulstein Verft.Currently, the heli deck is being mounted. Measuring close to 160 m in length, and with at beam of 30 m, she is the largest offshore vessel so far from Ulstein Verft. The vessel is jointly owned by Norway-based Island Offshore and US-based Edison Chouest Offshore. The latter will be managing the vessel, thus, the vessel carries the Edison Chouest colours and logo.Images & Video: Ulsteinlast_img

Windstar Cuts Steel for 2nd StarClass Ship Extension

first_imgzoomImage Courtesy: Fincantieri Italy’s shipbuilder Fincantieri held a steel cutting ceremony for a new mid-section of Windstar Cruises’ MS Star Legend on September 5 in Palermo.The unit is the second of three Star-class vessels that will undergo the transformation from a 212-passenger ship to 312 passengers by installing a new section of ship as part of the Seattle-based cruise company’s USD 250 million Star Plus Initiative.The transformation will increase capacity by 100 with the addition of 50 new suites, the majority of which are to be housed in the new mid-sections being built at Fincantieri shipyards.“This is a momentous day for Windstar as we reach another major milestone. A project of this magnitude takes time to realize and unfold,” Christopher Prelog, Vice President of Fleet Operations for Windstar Cruises, said.Under the initiative, Windstar is looking to renovate half of its fleet, namely the Star Breeze, Star Legend, and Star Pride vessels. The works will see the small ships cut in half to allow the installation of a new stepped mid-body section that will lengthen each vessel by some 26 meters. Each of the new sections will be fabricated over approximately a six month period of time.The lengthening works of the cruise ship operator’s first vessel, Star Breeze, were launched in early April. The unit is scheduled to emerge from its transformation and sail from Barcelona to Lisbon on February 20, 2020.Star Legend will complete its transformation in late June and debut in Barcelona on July 2, 2020, while the third and final ship, Star Pride, is scheduled to depart from the shipyard in fall of 2020.last_img read more

Lawyers to ask New Brunswick court for delay in setting Oland murder

first_imgSAINT JOHN, N.B. – Prosecutors and lawyers for Dennis Oland will be back in New Brunswick court Tuesday for a hearing to set a date for a new second-degree murder trial, but it’s expected they’ll ask for a month-long delay.“They want to have more time to prepare,” said Court of Queen’s Bench clerk Amanda Evans.It’s now expected the scheduling hearing will be bumped until Sept. 5.Oland is charged in the 2011 bludgeoning death of his well-known multimillionaire father, Richard Oland, who was found face down in a pool of blood in his Saint John, N.B., office on July 7, 2011.An autopsy showed he suffered 45 sharp and blunt force blows to his head, neck and hands. A murder weapon was never found.During Dennis Oland’s trial, the court heard he had visited his father’s office the night before and was the last known person to see him alive.Oland was convicted in 2015, but was released on bail last October when the New Brunswick Court of Appeal ordered a new trial, citing an error in the judge’s instructions to the jury.He has repeatedly denied any involvement in his father’s death.Dennis Oland had told police he was wearing a navy blazer when he visited his father, but witnesses and video evidence showed him wearing a brown Hugo Boss jacket that was later found to have tiny traces of blood and DNA that matched his father’s profile.The Crown portrayed Oland’s original statement about the jacket as an intentional lie, while the defence said it was an honest mistake. The appeal court said the trial judge did not properly instruct the jurors as to the probative value of that statement.Last month, the Supreme Court of Canada dismissed an application by the Crown to restore the conviction, and a cross-appeal seeking an acquittal.Court documents indicate the retrial is expected to last up to 65 days — the same length as the original trial.Nicole O’Byrne, a law professor at the University of New Brunswick, said that’s not unexpected.“We’ll have the same amount of evidence to be presented, if not more,” she said.O’Byrne said it all depends on what evidence will be deemed admissible at the trial.“If there are key pieces of evidence that aren’t admitted that the jury won’t be able to consider or the judge won’t be able to consider, that would significantly decrease the length of time because there would be less evidence to be examined at the trial,” she said.O’Byrne said pre-trial hearings — where matters such as the admissibility of evidence will be considered — will be very important to determine how the trial proceeds.The jury in the first trial was chosen from a pool of more than 1,100 people.O’Byrne said despite all the news coverage and two books on the first trial, she doesn’t think finding a new jury will be an issue.“The test is not whether or not you’ve heard of the case. The test is whether or not as a potential juror you would have an open mind to making determinations based on the evidence as to whether the Crown has met its case,” she said.Judge Terrence Morrison of Fredericton is expected to hear the retrial sometime in 2018.last_img read more

Supreme Court to hear St Josephs Oratory appeal in class action case

first_imgOTTAWA – The Supreme Court of Canada will hear an appeal from Montreal’s iconic Saint Joseph’s Oratory which seeks to exclude the institution from a sexual assault class action suit.The Quebec Court of Appeal had allowed the suit against the oratory and the Congregation of Holy Cross for alleged sexual abuse.The oratory was included in the suit amid allegations that some of the abuse occurred there.The Congregation of Holy Cross apologized and paid up to $18 million in 2013 in a mediated, out-of-court settlement to compensate victims for abuse that occurred at three Quebec institutions, not including the oratory, over a five-decade span.A spokesman for a victims’ rights group says the landmark settlement prompted about 40 new alleged victims to come forward, resulting in the class action suit.As usual in leaves to appeal, the Supreme Court gave no reasons for deciding to hear the appeal.last_img read more

Amazon loses more forest while carbonneutral movement grows UN says

“Our Amazonia is changing at an accelerated rate with very profound modifications in its ecosystems,” the eight Amazonian countries declared in the GEO Amazonia report, supported by UNEP and the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO). Despite the development of national programmes to manage the region’s ecosystems, economic activities, infrastructure construction, and human settlements are still decimating the great rain forest, vital to keeping atmospheric carbon down.The report says that by 2005, 857,666 square kilometres of the forest had been transformed, reducing vegetation cover by approximately 17 per cent, equal to two-thirds of Peru or 94 per cent of Venezuela.It recommends that the countries of the area – Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela – harmonize their efforts for sustainable utilization of the Amazonian ecosystems.It also called on them to bolster their environmental institutions, boost their information campaigns, promote the economic value of sustainability and create a monitoring and evaluation system for all policies, programmes and projects.Meanwhile, UNEP announced today that Copenhagen, Denmark, which will host the crucial UN Climate Change Conference in less than 300 days, has become the 100th member of the Climate Change Network (CN Net).Launched a year ago, the CN Net brings together a wide range of participants, including countries, cities, major international companies, UN agencies and leading non-governmental organizations (NGOs), UNEP said.“One year on, the unfolding financial and environmental crises make the CN Net more relevant than ever before as a showcase of both the promise and viability of the low-carbon development model which goes hand-in-hand with the emerging Green Economy initiatives around the globe,” UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner said at the agency’s annual Governing Council meeting, taking place this week in Nairobi.UNEP added that Copenhagen, under its vision of becoming a “climate capital of the world,” has already cut its CO2 emissions by one-fifth since 1990 and has pledged another 20 per cent cut by 2015.The city will play host to a music and arts festival in September to be run entirely on renewable energy, including a dance party in which stationary bike teams will generate power for the sound system and ‘piezoelectricity’ created by dancing crowds will light up the dance floor.In a related development, the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) said today that experts at a Geneva conference urged the world maritime shipping fleet to reduce the carbon dioxide emissions of seaborne vessels, adding that dealing with climate change is a priority that should not be undermined by other concerns such as the current global financial crisis. Engines of seaborne vessels now contribute between 1.6 and 4.1 per cent of the global output of CO2, speakers said at the three-day meeting entitled: “Maritime transport and the climate-change challenge.” 19 February 2009New releases from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) today show two sides of the human effect on climate change, with a report revealing hastened degradation of the earth’s largest forest zone and the Danish city of Copenhagen becoming the 100th member of a climate-friendly network. read more

Lankan national held in Tiruchi for smuggling gold

In all, 1,070 grams was seized from him. The value of the contraband has been put at Rs. 28.19 lakh.He was a frequent flyer to Chennai and Tiruchi, sources further said. A Sri Lankan national was arrested by the Customs authorities at the international airport in Tiruchi after he was found smuggling a little over one kg of gold in various shapes in the rectum.The Air Intelligence Unit (AIU) of the Customs caught Prasad Indika (43) after he landed in Tiruchi from Colombo by a Sri Lankan Airlines flight UL-133 last afternoon, The Hindu newspaper reported. During inquiry, it was found he had concealed the gold in his rectum. The concealed gold was in various shapes — in cylindrical form besides a couple of gold biscuits, a chain and a ring, sources said. Airport sources said the officials grew suspicious by his walking style and detained him for questioning. read more

Banks honour Flaherty with donations

Ahead of the visitation today for Jim Flaherty, Canada’s five largest banks have announced they’re donating $200,000 each to the Abilities Centre in Whitby to honour him.The former finance minister and MP for Whitby-Oshawa died in his Ottawa condo last Thursday. His death came less than a month after he announced his retirement from politics.The visitation will be held at the Abilities Centre in Whitby — a facility Flaherty was passionate about supporting — from 12:30 until 4:00 this afternoon, and again tonight from 6:30 to 8:00.

UN peacekeepers exempted from war crimes prosecution for another year

Currently, members of UN peacekeeping missions from nations that have not ratified the Rome Statute – the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC) – are immune from investigation or prosecution under a Council resolution adopted unanimously a year ago. Today’s decision, adopted by a vote of 12 in favour, with France, Germany and Syria abstaining, extends that exemption each 1 July for another 12 months, unless the Council decides otherwise.The ICC was inaugurated in early March in The Hague with the swearing in of its 18 judges, and will have jurisdiction over the most serious crimes, including war crimes, genocide, mass murder, rape, torture, and, once defined, the crime of aggression. The Rome Statute entered into force 1 July 2002, and the Court’s authority will cover only crimes committed after that date. The Statute, signed by nearly 140 States and ratified by 90, gives the court jurisdiction over individuals no matter the nationality of the accused.In Council debates last year, the United States said it would not expose its personnel serving in UN peacekeeping missions to the additional risk of politicized prosecutions before the ICC and subsequently, Washington temporarily blocked a full renewal of a UN operation in Bosnia.A handful of non-Council nations that have ratified the Rome Statute – Canada, Jordan, Liechtenstein, New Zealand and Switzerland – called for today’s public meeting, saying that the proposed renewal of the resolution had “implications of direct import” to UN Member States relating to international peacekeeping, fundamental questions of international law, and the Council’s role in promoting law and accountability.Speaking at the outset of the meeting, Secretary-General Kofi Annan told the Council that although he could accept that the request for a one-year extension should be approved this year, since the court is in its infancy, he believes it should not become permanent, and that it violates the Rome Statute. He said he did not believe the request for an extension was necessary because no UN peacekeeper had been “anywhere near committing the kind of crimes” falling under the ICC’s jurisdiction, and the case was thus hypothetical and “highly improbable.”Opening the debate, Ambassador Paul Heinbecker of Canada appealed to the Council to keep the exemption from becoming permanent and emphasized that “the ICC is not a court for frivolous prosecutions.” He noted safeguards put in the treaty at the US’s request to ensure that such prosecutions will be screened out. The ICC’s principal purpose was to “try humanity’s monsters” – the perpetrators of heinous crimes. It was distressing, therefore, that the Council, purporting to act in the name of Member States, today appeared to come down on the side of impunity, and for the most serious of international crimes. Ambassador Tim McIVor of New Zealand saw no need for the provision of immunity under the Court, and said the combination of events that would necessitate such action seemed unlikely last year, as they did now. He hoped that now that the Court was fully established, the Council would, in future, draw comfort from its effective and responsible operation and, accordingly, see no need to continue that resolution.Jordan’s Ambassador, Zeid Ra’ad Zeid Al-Hussein, said as a State party to the Rome Statute, Jordan was mindful of the tensions the Council had been through over the last 10 months and did not wish to create further discomfort. Still, he was concerned about how the resolution attempted to elevate an entire category of people to a point above the law. He joined others in the belief that the Council should not be rewriting treaties previously negotiated by all the wider international community.Ambassador Jeno C.A. Staehelin of Switzerland said it was very worrying to see the Council adopt a resolution that limited the scope of a treaty that was both in force and in full conformity with the UN Charter. He disagreed both with the principle and the modalities of the previous resolution on the issue and stressed that far from contradicting each other, the Court and peacekeeping operations complemented each other. The fight against impunity must become more universal, he said and the more it was pursued in a cooperative spirit, the more effective it would be.Reiterating his country’s objection to the automatic renewal of the “deeply flawed” immunity clause, Ambassador Christian Wenaweser of Liechtenstein said the Council was not competent to adopt and interpret international treaties and, by attempting to do so, weakened the system established by the UN Charter.Prior to the vote, Pakistan’s Permanent Representative, Munir Akram, stressed that UN peacekeepers should not be exposed to any arbitrary or unilateral action by any national or international body. That possibility could further reduce incentives for Member States to offer personnel for peacekeeping forces. No matter how unlikely the circumstances described in the text, he supported its objective. Despite his support of the resolution, he strongly adhered to the position that the Council was not empowered to unilaterally amend or abrogate international treaties and agreements freely entered into by sovereign States.Iya Tidjani of Cameroon said the ICC undeniably strengthened the ability of existing structures in peacekeeping and international security, primarily the Council itself. It was important that the two bodies – the ICC and the Council – cooperate and complement each other. As the Council prepared to renew its previous resolution, Cameroon would reaffirm that those who had the mission to establish peace and security were obligated to endow peacekeeping with respect for international legality and for life. He hoped the renewal exercise would not become a routine, which would have consequences for the credibility of the ICC and the Council itself.After the vote, British Ambassador Jeremy Greenstock, said both resolutions were consistent with the ICC Statute and did not undermine the Court nor infringe the integrity of the Rome Statute. The rollover would sustain the ability of the United States to contribute to peacekeeping. The resolution remained deliberately narrow and there was no blanket immunity. Under the circumstances, he regarded its adoption as an acceptable outcome.James Cunningham of the United States said the exemption in the text was consistent with the UN Charter and the Rome Statute, as well as with the principle of international law that required a State’s consent if it was to be bound. The resolution did not affect the parties to the Court or to the Rome Statute itself, as some had suggested. Nor did it elevate an entire category of people above the law. It was not always easy to recruit contributors to peacekeeping. It was important that Member States not add concern about ICC jurisdiction to the difficulty of participating. Moreover, the ICC did not operate in the same democratic and constitutional context as the United States and, thus, had no right to deprive United States citizens of their freedom.France’s Deputy Permanent Representative, Michel Duclos, who abstained in the vote, said the Council’s previous resolution on the ICC was not a commitment for automatic renewal, and had stipulated that one-year renewals be continued “only for as long as necessary.” The resolution was worded in such a way as to encourage judgement of the advisability of renewing the resolution. The ICC, which now had 90 States parties, had now become a reality, he said. The Court’s professionalism would be judged according to the work it did, and the competence of Court members would lend the Court its credibility. Any perception of permanency attached to the resolution could only weaken the Court’s authority.Ambassador Gunter Pleuger of Germany, which also abstained, said the ICC was not an impediment to peacekeeping, but a safeguard. It was an institution designed to prevent impunity and could play an important role in protecting peacekeeping in the execution of their missions. The judges and the Prosecutor of the ICC had, meanwhile, been elected. Germany was confident that experience would show that the ICC was going to work impartially, justly and without politically motivated misuse.Ambassador Inocencio Arias of Spain said it should not be taken for granted that invoking Article 16 to renew resolution 1422 would become a regular practice. The Council would have to make a study of circumstances that could vary in the future. However, it could still consider possible renewals, if that became necessary in accordance with the resolution.Syria’s Ambassador Mikhail Wehbe, also abstaining from the vote, said there was no justification to renew resolution 1422 this year. Some 11 months had passed since the adoption of the resolution, and no need had arisen during that time requiring the Council to continue giving permanent immunity to one State. He was fully confident that peacekeeping forces in many parts of world were assumed to be above suspicion of perpetrating crimes considered by the ICC as crimes of war or genocide. Renewing resolution 1422 would serve to weaken the Court’s role in prosecuting those who had perpetrated heinous crimes.Rayko Raytchev of Bulgaria said while he was sensitive to all legitimate concerns of countries involved in peacekeeping operations, he continued to support the effective functioning of the ICC as a court with universal jurisdiction to combat and prevent crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide. While the search for compromise should not lead to the weakening of important treaties, Council members must act in the spirit of compromise and understanding and work to find a solution that was acceptable to all, he said.Angola’s representative, Julio Helder de Moura Lucas, that the scope of resolution 1422 had not affected the present and future development of international criminal law or the ability of the UN to conduct operations to restore international peace and security. Neither had the text created a precedent of interference by the Security Council in the sovereign rights of Member States in their prosecuting capacities of repugnant crimes. The international community must ensure that the ICC was not undermined or weakened and that it fulfilled its mandate. Paul Zoumanigui of Guinea said the support of his country for the renewal of resolution 1422 should not be considered support for its automatic renewal year after year.Wang Yingfan of China said his country supported the ICC as an independent, effective and universal court. Today’s debate had been useful, and he hoped the parties concerned would study the relevant questions and find appropriate solutions before the issue came up again next year.The Council’s President, Ambassador Sergey Lavrov of the Russian Federation, speaking in his national capacity, said the concerns of some States parties were understandable. He hoped that the practical work of the court, which had just begun, would be successful and not only strengthen the positions of its unconditional supporters, but help dispel questions about its effectiveness and impartiality. He said that, since the ICC was not yet universal, it was essential to bear in mind the concerns of those States that were not yet States parties. The issues discussed today had a direct bearing on the Organization and on the conduct of peacekeeping operations, to which the Secretary-General had drawn attention. Listen to UN Radio report read more

UN agency voices concern at mounting number of Afghans displaced by fighting

“We expect further displacement may take place until conditions are safe for the population to return to their homes,” UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) spokesperson Jennifer Pagonis told a news briefing in Geneva. “This fresh displacement adds new hardship to a population already hosting 116,400 people earlier uprooted by conflict and drought.” Some families were reported to have gone back from Kandahar city to Panjwai and Zhare Dasht in Kandahar province during daylight but to have returned to the city at night as they felt it was too insecure to stay overnight, she added. The Afghan government has created a disaster management committee in Kandahar to coordinate relief efforts together with the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), UNHCR and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), distributing plastic sheeting, blankets and warm clothes for children to approximately 3,200 families in Panjwai and Zhare Dasht.The UN World Food Programme (WFP) is providing food aid. The government is currently assessing the needs of the displaced in the southern provinces and UNHCR is ready to assist when it becomes clear what is required.Meanwhile, the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) announced today that it will conduct a study on violence against education personnel to assess what can be done to improve their safety after last week’s murder of an Afghan women’s rights defender and leading advocate of education for girls, Safia Ama Jan.The study will be dedicated to the memory of Ms Ama Jan, who was gunned down outside her home in Kandahar. “Her courage was an inspiration to us all,” UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura said in a statement. “And her violent death serves as a grim reminder that those working to defend human rights, including and especially women’s rights, the right to education and education for girls, are often working on the front line, with their lives constantly under threat. “National authorities and the international community must stand united against the forces that would seek to destroy the efforts made by people such as Safia Ama Jan.” read more

Students on a mission to share GoodmanSpirit

At orientation, the hashtag #GoodmanSpirit hit a Twitter milestone: it trended Canada-wide for over three hours. Business and accounting students Allison McConnell, Megan Wilson and Kristina Reyes haven’t thought about anything except #GoodmanSpirit since May.That’s when the three students, all team members of the Business Students’ Association (BSA) at the Goodman School of Business, began planning for orientation and #GoodmanSpirit Week.They had a vision of an expanded orientation that would provide first-year students with a comprehensive introduction to Goodman’s student clubs, academic advising, Goodman Career, Goodman exchanges and BioLinc.The Sept. 2 Orientation Day would be complemented with #GoodmanSpirit Week, which, beginning on Sept. 8, would offer a full week of workshops, activities and social events.The trio expected a positive response from students – what happened surpassed their expectations.At orientation, the hashtag #GoodmanSpirit hit a Twitter milestone: it trended Canada-wide for over three hours. The new undergraduate students learned the Goodman cheer in seconds. During the inaugural #GoodmanSpirit Week, more than 600 students took part in the activities and events.For McConnell, who along with Wilson, was the director of events behind #GoodmanSpirit Week, this year’s upswing in school pride was both “overwhelming” and inspiring.“The real focus of this week has just been on spirit. Obviously, there has always been spirit and a positive response among the [students]. This year it really felt like a family.“The whole week was about that lifestyle, getting the community spirit out there, getting the group together. All the stuff we’ve done, all of the initiatives of the BSA and all the various programs under the Goodman name have been really focused on making the first years and the current students feel that they are part of something bigger than just school and classes.”That “something bigger” includes nine Goodman student clubs, peer mentors, case competitions, business clothing and business cards. The student groups are so active that BSA president Aqib Zia anticipates a BSA event every week in this upcoming year.“#GoodmanSpirit Week is just the start. Over the course of the year there will be over 100 events organized for Goodman students. We just want everyone to have the opportunity to get involved and make their experience at Goodman that much better.”Although the excitement surrounding the start of school is over, that doesn’t mean that Wilson, Reyes or McConnell have more free time. McConnell will be running the BSA’s Competitor Development Program, spending her Sundays prepping students for case competitions. And Wilson and Reyes are already focused on the next few events.“O-Week is just the beginning,” Reyes said. “Megan and I are already planning Business Formal [to be held in March]. We’re doing Winter Mixer in November, then we have Recognition Night [to plan for]. It’s just an ongoing thing for us to keep #GoodmanSpirit alive.” read more

Peabody Energy invests 10 million in Arq coaltooil technology

first_imgPeabody Energy and trading firm Vitol have become the latest companies to buy into Arq’s patented coal-to-oil technology.The deals, which could see both investing further over the next three years, will see Peabody identify potential mine sites where Arq can deploy its technology, while Vitol has agreed to distribute Arq Fuel™ globally.Arq said: “For almost 100 years, the energy industry has struggled to find a cost-effective way of upgrading coal into oil. Arq Technology™ represents a major breakthrough in this field, achieved by inventing a low-cost mechanical process for treating coal as a micro-particle system.”The Arq Technology process starts with reclaiming coal waste before moving on to sizing. This creates a micro-particle system through a series of advanced milling techniques to enable the liberation of hydrocarbons from mineral matter.Arq’s proprietary micro-separation technique isolates the hydrocarbon from the mineral matter through advanced chemistry and flotation technology, removing more than 99% of the impurities. A mechanical de-watering and thermal drying process then creates a purified hydrocarbon product containing less than 2% moisture.The resulting product, Arq Fuel, is a new energy source ideal for blending directly into oil products without the need for expensive liquefaction and comes with several environmental benefits, the company said.Arq now has $50 million of equity from investors, meaning it carries a market valuation of over $500 million.The agreement with Vitol will see the trading company blend Arq Fuel into fuel oil and crude oil, working to position the product as a low-cost blending component with specific customers, according to Arq. These are initially envisaged to include consumers of fuel oil and, subject to ongoing testing, refineries.Arq’s first plant in Corbin, Kentucky (pictured), is nearing completion, with Arq Fuel expected to be available in early 2019.Julian McIntyre, Founder and CEO of Arq, said: “Our goal at Arq is to produce the lowest cost hydrocarbon products on the planet. We can only do this by building a coalition of industry partners, who share our perspective that technology will be the catalyst in unlocking value in a changing energy landscape.“These partnerships are a validation of our products and technology and a major milestone towards realising our ambition.”Charles Meintjes, Executive Vice President – Corporate Services and Chief Commercial Officer of Peabody, said: “We believe our partnership with Arq represents a rare opportunity to add value to our product, reduce our environmental footprint and expand the market for our product at the same time.”last_img read more

Do you find turnbyturn directions a bit boring Try following penguins instead

first_img Source: penguin naviThe aquarium put the decreasing number of visitors down to the volume of distractions in Tokyo that made it harder for people to stumble across their facility.In an attempt to make the penguins movements as accurate as possible, ten different cameras were used to motion capture the penguins in the aquarium. The penguins were then processed into CG and added to the app. Source: penguin naviWatch the full video here [MP4] >The new app has resulted in a 152% increase in visitors to the aquarium. The app is available on iOS and Android as an accessory to the Junaio AR app. The app can be used in Ireland, although you don’t have much hope of making it to the aquarium.However, you can still watch the penguins wobble about on screen.READ: Horses are helping children with disabilities to gain confidence and trust READ: “Don’t swim with this dolphin” islanders warned, as ‘Dusty’ changes location EVER FELT LIKE the turn-by-turn navigation feature of GPS was good, but could do with a little something extra?The Sunshine Aquarium in Tokyo, not content with simply giving directions,  have taken the service and added penguins to it. Created as a response to a significant drop off in attendance over the last couple of years, the augmented reality (AR) app was built as a response to the problem, with potential visitors being guided to the facility by a team of penguins.last_img read more

Cuthbert Underdogs Cork need strong referee to police streetwise Mayo

first_img“This year teams have caused them problems and I’d be hopeful that if we can get enough ball we can cause them some problems as well.”Full deckWhile midfielder Andrew O’Sullivan has left the Cork panel — ‘his call’, in Cuthbert’s words — the manager is in the pleasing position of having effectively a full squad to choose from.“We’re fine [regarding injuries],” he said, “we have a very good medical team, very good strength and conditioning coach, we’ve gone through the season largely, with everybody.“Donncha [O’Connor] had a hamstring injury last week, he was going very well but he picked up an injury last Sunday week. We hope he’ll be fine this week. Apart from that there’s only Kevin Crowley, who has a serious injury and who’s out of bounds.”Munster U21 hurling final and Croke Park football battles – here’s this week’s GAA actionJohn Gardiner – Daly’s future, Wexford’s exit while Limerick and Tipperary march on CORK MANAGER BRIAN CUTHBERT has stressed the need for the importance of a strong refereeing display in Sunday’s All-Ireland SFC quarter-final against a ‘streetwise’ Mayo side.The Rebels go into the last-eight clash against the Connacht champions as underdogs and, while Cuthbert has belief that his side can win, he feels that authority from the man in the middle – who has yet to be announced – will be key.“Absolutely, I think the referee’s going to be very important in this game,” he said. “I wouldn’t want to paint our fellas as naive young fellas, but certainly they’re up against a team that’s extremely streetwise — every manager wants their team to be like that.They’re a very streetwise team, they’ve been around the block and they know how to play the game. I think they’re very sure of how they want to play and they’re a difficult team to play against, to be honest.”last_img read more

Taoiseach says perhaps not all the same brands will be on supermarket

first_img 72 Comments Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article Image: Leah Farrell Short URL THE TAOISEACH LEO Varadkar has warned that there will be checks on goods and live animals “near the Border” in the event of a no-deal Brexit.Speaking at a British Irish Chamber of Commerce event this evening the Taoiseach said that, deal or no-deal, Brexit is not a storm to be weathered but a “permanent change” in the political and economic environment in which the European Union and Britain will exist.Varadkar said that political developments in the UK mean that the risk of a no-deal Brexit is growing and he believes that “there is a possibility we may have to live with no-deal for a period”.He offered a stark assessment of a no-deal scenario, listing some changes that people will notice including no longer being able to pass through the blue channel when flying into Ireland from the UK and customers having to make some adjustments in their shopping basket. “There will still be plenty of food on shelves but perhaps not all of the same brands,” he said. Thursday 5 Sep 2019, 11:09 PM Flights, trains and buses will continue to operate normally for a period but an agreement will be needed for this to continue permanently. He sought to reassure people that he doesn’t foresee any significant changes in medical supplies but tariffs will apply to goods imported into Ireland from the UK and vice versa.“You will need to be registered as an importer/exporter and you will need to make customs declarations. This will be expensive and bureaucratic for business,” he warned. Image: Leah Farrell 31,367 Views Sep 5th 2019, 11:09 PM By Ceimin Burke Taoiseach says ‘perhaps not all the same brands’ will be on supermarket shelves after no-deal Brexit Varadkar offered a stark assessment of a no-deal scenario in a speech this evening. There will be checks on goods and live animals and, as far as possible, they will take place in ports, airports and at businesses.  But some may need to take place near the border.Even if there is a deal the Taoiseach warned that discussions on a new free trade agreement and a new economic and security partnership will be “fraught” and protracted, lasting several years.He said these discussions may make the Withdrawal Agreement negotiations “seem simple”.“Europe and division on Europe will dominate British politics for many years to come. That won’t happen here, we will remain at he heart of Europe,” he said. https://jrnl.ie/4797789 Share60 Tweet Email1 last_img read more

Plans to lower Washingtons minimum wage could be difficult sell

first_imgOLYMPIA — Efforts to change Washington’s higher minimum wage approved by voters last November face a tough road in the Legislature.But that didn’t keep Sen. Mike Baumgartner from proposing lower wages for teens, for nonprofit workers, and for anyone outside of King County.At a hearing Thursday, the Spokane Republican argued it wouldn’t be unprecedented for both chambers to muster the two-thirds necessary to change an initiative just months after it passed. It’s a difficult sell, but lawmakers did it a few years ago when faced with a tight budget and an expensive mandate from voters to reduce class sizes in public schools.“Real people are losing jobs because of this initiative,” he told the Senate Commerce, Labor and Sports Committee.But opponents countered that workers are starting to earn enough money to support themselves and their families with the higher wages mandated by I-1433. Senate Bill 5530, which would delay the minimum wage hikes for two years in all Washington counties except King County, would cover most of the state’s minimum wage workers, said Misha Wershkul, of the liberal Washington State Budget and Policy Center.That’s more than 500,000 workers statewide, and more than 50,000 in Spokane County, she said.Some lawmakers and other opponents pointed out that another proposal, Senate Bill 5532, which would allow nonprofit organizations to pay a lower minimum wage, would include most of the state’s large hospitals, which are nonprofits with thousands of employees.That’s not the intent, Baumgartner said. He’s interested in helping small nonprofits like Spokane’s Union Gospel Mission, where officials told him last year they’d have to cut back on services for alcohol and drug abuse treatment because of the additional wage costs.last_img read more