Neil Woodford: 4 lessons for UK investors from his failed fund Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Cliff D’Arcy | Friday, 4th June, 2021 Image source: Getty Images See all posts by Cliff D’Arcy Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Learn how you can grab this ‘Top Income Stock’ Report now Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares We think that when a company’s CEO owns 12.1% of its stock, that’s usually a very good sign.But with this opportunity it could get even better.Still only 55 years old, he sees the chance for a new “Uber-style” technology.And this is not a tiny tech startup full of empty promises.This extraordinary company is already one of the largest in its industry.Last year, revenues hit a whopping £1.132 billion.The board recently announced a 10% dividend hike.And it has been a superb Motley Fool income pick for 9 years running!But even so, we believe there could still be huge upside ahead.Clearly, this company’s founder and CEO agrees. The Motley Fool UK’s Top Income Stock… Enter Your Email Address Seven years ago, in 2014, the UK investment world suffered a seismic shock. Star fund manager Neil Woodford was leaving Invesco Perpetual to branch out on his own. At that time, Woodford was the UK’s #1 fund manager, likened to famed US billionaire Warren Buffett for his stock-picking skills. But going it alone was Woodford’s worst mistake.Neil Woodford: star fund managerNeil Woodford joined investment manager Perpetual (later Invesco Perpetual) in early 1988. Over the next 26 years, he became the UK’s most successful money manager. At his peak, he controlled as much as £33bn across up to six different funds. During his reign, £1,000 invested in the Invesco Perpetual High Income fund skyrocketed to be worth around £25,000. Woodford’s success came from buying mostly FTSE 100 stocks — typically companies with solid balance sheets, rising earnings, and fat dividends.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…I will declare an interest here. From 1996/97 until around 2012/13, my wife was an investor in Neil Woodford’s flagship Invesco Perpetual High Income fund. Over this period, it was the best-performing UK equity fund by far. Thus, I was delighted with my advice to my wife to back Woodford.Woodford Investment Management: downfallIn May 2014, Neil Woodford launched Woodford Investment Management (WIM), his own fund manager. Eager investors rushed to invest in the Woodford Equity Income (WEI) fund. In its first year, WEI gained 19.6%, triple the UK market’s return. Within three years, Woodford was managing £18bn. But then his star came crashing back to earth. Over the next two years, WEI became the worst-performing fund in its sector. With money flooding out from WEI through hefty withdrawals, WIM ‘gated’ (suspended) the fund on 4 June 2019, exactly two years ago today. Here are four lessons for all investors from Neil Woodford’s downfall.Four lessons from Woodford’s failure1) Stick to your strategy: Woodford made his name buying established, high-yielding dividend shares, and ‘value’ stocks. At WIM, he plunged headlong into start-ups, smaller companies, unlisted stocks, and private companies. Few of these go-go growth stocks paid any income, so Woodford was well out of his depth. Big mistake. As Warren Buffet says, “Never invest in anything you don’t understand”.2) Higher returns mean higher risks: Woodford’s initial success at WIM came from buying big stakes in small companies. This juiced his returns in the early years. But these higher returns came with higher volatility and risk of loss. When these companies stumbled, so too did WEI. Thus, I avoid skewing my portfolio too much towards one company or sector. Instead, I spread my risk by diversifying widely.3) Don’t fall into a liquidity trap: With many billions to invest, Woodford ended up putting way too much money into ever-smaller companies. His stakes in unlisted, unquoted, and private companies were extremely difficult to sell because of their lack of liquidity. Faced with selling shares in a hurry at steep discounts, Woodford was caught in a liquidity trap. This eventually led to his WEI fund being suspended two years ago today. 4) Beware of concentration risk: Chasing market-beating returns, Woodford bought large stakes in a select few companies. Frighteningly, WEI often owned more than a quarter (25%+) of some companies. Highly concentrated portfolios can produce bumper gains, but may also blow up spectacularly. That’s why I keep my portfolio highly diversified by spreading my eggs globally. It easier to sleep at night! I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement.
“We didn’t play as well as we could have played,” said the German, whose side host West Bromwich Albion on Saturday in their next league game.“We started OK and immediately with their defending we weren’t brave anymore. We didn’t wait for the right pass.“They didn’t create chances, maybe two in the second half, and De Gea made two or three great saves, but in the end our performance was not what it should be. It is a first clean sheet, so yippee.“We weren’t calm enough. That is not the way we want to play, but I accept it. We got a point. There are worse things in the world.” “This is a point that stopped them winning three. Other candidates for the title have easier fixtures at the moment and it is important to keep close to them.“Our opportunity to get five wins in a row will come.”Despite seeing 65 percent of possession, Liverpool mustered only three attempts on target that saw Roberto Firmino, Emre Can and Philippe Coutinho denied by United goalkeeper David de Gea.But with his side just two points behind Manchester City and second-place Arsenal in the table, Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp tried to put things in perspective. “The reaction from their crowd was permanent disappointment. People expected us to come here and be really in trouble, which we were not.”He added: “If you analyse the game, you see the reason why we did it, playing (Ashley) Young and (Marouane) Fellaini.“We had control of the game. There were two amazing saves by David de Gea, it’s true, but they were out of context. Share on: WhatsApp Goalkeeper David de GeaLiverpool, United Kingdom | AFP | Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho praised his team for subduing Anfield after they held in-form Liverpool to a dour 0-0 draw in the Premier League on Monday.United have won only one of their last five league games and remain seventh in the league, three points below fourth-place Liverpool and five points off leaders Manchester City.But having thwarted Liverpool’s ambitions of registering a sixth successive win, Mourinho hailed his side’s performance.“We controlled the game, not just tactically, but the emotion of the game,” Mourinho told Sky Sports.“That was probably the quietest Anfield I had and I was expecting it to be the other way. I think was a positive performance.
The Palm Beach Sheriffs Department, Daytona Beach police, as well as the Florida Department of Law Enforcement, are reporting that they have found evidence that a suspect they arrested for the murder of a woman in 2016, may also be tied to the deaths of four other women in Florida.Daytona Beach Police confirmed the identity of the suspect as 37-year-old Robert Hayes and reported that as of Sunday, he was in police custody.According to the report, Hayes was originally arrested for the murder of Rachel Bey who’s body was found about 50 feet from the road on Beeline Highway near Pratt Whitney Road by workers in 2016.Through an investigation, authorities were able to pinpoint Hayes as their suspect, however, as officials continued to investigate, it was found that Hayes may also have been responsible for the deaths of four other women. Authorities announced Sunday that they believe Hayes may also been behind the deaths of Stacy Gage, Julie Green, Laquetta Gunther and Iwana Patton. Officials say each woman was shot in the head by a .40 caliber Smith and Wesson and all of their bodies were found in remote wooded areas in Daytona Beach and Holly Hill between 2005 and 2008.Hayes is scheduled in court Monday morning where he faces first-degree murder charges.The police departments are expected to hold a press conference on the charges at 10:30 am Monday.
iPad Winners $2,000 3rd Place WinnerSteve Stewart & son, with Lee Wojnar, VP at O Bee Credit Union Facebook4Tweet0Pin0Congratulations to this year’s Capture the Tag winners! See if your friend or neighbor was one of the lucky winners of over $15,000 in prizes awarded.Here are the winners from the 2012 Capture The TAG Event and the Great $15,000 Cash Hunt. $3,000 2nd Place WinnerDebra Holman with Lee Wojnar, VP at O Bee Credit Union Brenda BeguinHeather AntanaitisRose SwiftJoy PersonZap Riecken $10,000 Grand Prize Winner Douglas Simonsen with Jerry Farmer of ROXY Radio and Lee Wojnar, VP at O Bee Credit Union
Letterkenny town was bustling at the weekend as large crowds of visitors and shoppers gathered together on the Main Street to witness the fifth annual Letterkenny Busking Festival.On Saturday August 24th, over thirty buskers and performance groups lined the Main street, entertaining the crowds and competing to win top cash prizes. The buskers travelled to Letterkenny from all parts of the county and country and provided great entertainment to our town’s visitors.This year’s festival hosted a variety of performers, such as street entertainers, magicians and even a live painter! Music acts consisted of trad bands, solo performers, violinists, acoustic guitarists and more. Polxroid made up of Catherine Gallagher and Ciaran Coleman, Ballybofey and Castlefinn with Cllr. John O’Donnell, Chairman of the Letterkenny-Milford Municipal Area, Leonard Watson, President of the Letterkenny Chamber during the Letterkenny Busking Festival on Saturday.Carragh Lynch, Muff with Cllr. John O’Donnell, Chairman of the Letterkenny-Milford Municipal Area, Leonard Watson, President of the Letterkenny Chamber during the Letterkenny Busking Festival on Saturday.Overall competition winners Rag A Ra pictured alongside Letterkenny Chamber President Leonard Watson and John O’Donnell, Mayor of Letterkenny-Milford Municipal District.The buskers performed from 11am to 2pm and were visited by this year’s judges, singer/songwriter Tanya McCole, Highland Radio presenter Paul McDevitt and well-known local performer Martin Orr. The judges were amazed at the variety of acts taking part and had the tough task of choosing the final winners.The competition winners were announced at the prize giving party in McGinley’s Bar beer garden. The buskers and their families enjoyed some light refreshments and music from singer and guitarist Mark McClean, before the prizes were presented by Letterkenny Chamber president, Leonard Watson.In first place were trad group Rag A Ra, in second place were family trad group COSA and in third place was magician Jessica Harkin. Highly commended prizes were also awarded to singer and guitarist, John Gregg, violinist and concertina duo Aine and Sophie Ferry, singer and guitarist Aidan Laird and singer and guitarist Clara Sharvin.Letterkenny Busking Festival favourite Jessica Harkin, who placed third in our annual competition.Caela Carr, Letterkenny with Cllr. John O’Donnell, Chairman of the Letterkenny-Milford Municipal Area, Leonard Watson, President of the Letterkenny Chamber during the Letterkenny Busking Festival on Saturday.Prize winners Aine and Sophie Ferry entertaining the crowds at the 2019 Letterkenny Busking Festival.Leonard Watson of Letterkenny Chamber had this to say about the event, “This year’s busking festival has been our biggest yet! We were delighted with the large number of buskers that took part in this year’s festival and are already in the process of planning next years festival which we hope will be even bigger! One of the best things about events like these is that they bring locals and visitors together and help to showcase all the great businesses that we have on Letterkenny Main Street! We are really looking forward to our 2020 festival!” Letterkenny Chamber President, Leonard Watson and John O’Donnell, Mayor of Letterkenny-Milford Municipal District alongside Clara Sharvin, who won a prize in the competition.Competition participant George McCready (Mr Majestic), enjoying the festival with alongside Letterkenny Chamber President Leonard Watson and John O’Donnell, Mayor of Letterkenny-Milford Municipal District.Fire spinner Dani Burns, Letterkenny with Cllr. John O’Donnell, Chairman of the Letterkenny-Milford Area, Leonard Watson, President of the Letterkenny Chamber during the Letterkenny Busking Festival on Saturday.All at Letterkenny Chamber and ShopLK wish to thank all our buskers, judges and everyone who came along to support the festival. We hope to make the 2020 festival even bigger so keep an eye out on our Letterkenny Busking Festival Facebook page for more information on next year’s event.ShopLK is funded by Donegal County CouncilLetterkenny Busking Festival hits all the right notes – Picture Special was last modified: August 28th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:letterkenny buskingLetterkenny Main StreetMUSICShop LK
SANTA CLARA — On one side of the bay, the Raiders followed Sunday’s rare win by firing their general manager. At 49ers headquarters, their second-year regime looks entrenched, even though coach Kyle Shanahan and general manager John Lynch preside over a 3-10 record that mirrors the Raiders’.Jed York, the 49ers CEO, gave Shanahan and Lynch a not-so-subtle endorsement amid an emotional and powerful speech in the locker room after Sunday’s 20-14 win, a speech that honored York’s younger brother, …
Don’t eat Darwin Brand Primordial Soup. It’s toxic, because the cooks don’t know what they are doing.As you look over the recent stories about the origin of life, ask yourself if the ‘experts’ in the kitchen know anything about nutrition or recipes. One thing is for sure: their products are not intelligently designed.Brewing up Earth’s earliest life (Astrobiology Magazine). The photo that the authors of this article chose looks as ghastly as the name of the ingredients scientists chose for their primordial soup: sulfidic anions. Do the cooks in the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics know what they’re doing?Around 4 billion years ago, Earth was an inhospitable place, devoid of oxygen, bursting with volcanic eruptions, and bombarded by asteroids, with no signs of life in even the simplest forms. But somewhere amid this chaotic period, the chemistry of the Earth turned in life’s favor, giving rise, however improbably, to the planet’s very first organisms.What prompted this critical turning point? How did living organisms rally in such a volatile world? And what were the chemical reactions that brewed up the first amino acids, proteins, and other building blocks of life? These are some of the questions researchers have puzzled over for decades in trying to piece together the origins of life on Earth.A good cook knows what he or she is trying to make. These guys have no idea. They’re even experimenting with the most potent poisons in the world as ingredients that might work, “however improbably,” to create life, including hydrogen cyanide. The ideas in this article sound more like a witch’s brew than serious soup creation: a pinch of volcanic gas, a tincture of bisulfide, brought to a boil with cyanide brought in by comets. Was Sukrit Ranjan, a postdoc at MIT, drunk when he dreamed this up?Interestingly, he consulted the literature in a rather unexpected subject while conducting these calculations: winemaking — a science that involves, in part, dissolving sulfur dioxide in water to produce sulfites and bisulfites under oxygenless conditions similar to those on early Earth.The perhapsimaybecouldness index is high. Such-and-such might work. This may help produce building blocks. The conditions on the early earth might have been this way. Warning: never eat a dish cooked up by a blind chef, even when it comes with the NASA seal of approval. Regarding probability, watch “Amoeba’s Journey” from the Illustra film Origin.Mazur interviews all the leading lights in the materialist origin-of-life field.Researchers show role for cyanide in origins of life (Phys.org). Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) is so toxic, one drop is enough to kill a man in minutes. It quickly disables the irreducibly complex ATP synthase motors used by all living things, depriving cells of oxygen. Although used in industry as a stepping stone to the synthesis of products including pesticides, the maximum exposure is 10 parts per million (NIH). Astrobiologists, though, love the stuff. They envision all kinds of wonderful life-forms appearing downstream of the building blocks that chance might make out of cyanide. “It sounds odd, but cyanide may have been a key ingredient in the origins of life,” Dimitar Sasselov and a grad student say in this article. (Note: if it sounds odd, most likely it tastes odd, too.) Actually, they only say this because they enjoy the “RNA World” act in The Origin of Life Circus , the book by Susan Mazur, where Sasselov admitted “we still don’t have a sense of what makes them [molecular building blocks] work as a system” and “we can’t use existing life forms, because they are too sophisticated” (p. 227). Nevertheless, this sorcerer and his apprentice are dazzled by the signature of HCN in nearby stars. If they cook with HCN, we hope they are careful, otherwise they might win a Darwin Award.Death Drives the Evolution of Life on ‘One Strange Rock’ (Space.com). Now we know why the origin-of-life researchers play with poison. They have a death wish. To them, according to Hanneke Weitering, “Life on earth would never have evolved without death.” She advertises the snickering morticians at National Geographic:Life never would have evolved on Earth without death. It may seem counterintuitive, but without the natural cycle of life and death and the food chain it created, life never would have evolved from simple, single-celled organisms to the complex creatures that roam our planet today. In a new episode of the documentary series “One Strange Rock,” which airs tonight (April 23) on the National Geographic Channel, astronauts explain how death drove the evolution of life on Earth.So die, then, and stop bothering us who prefer life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.Extreme environment of Danakil Depression sheds light on Mars, Titan and nuclear waste (Phys.org). While we’re talking about deathly ingredients, who wants some nuclear waste in their soup? The cooks at EU-funded Europlanet 2020 Research Infrastructure (RI), motivated by their Darwinian death wish, took a field trip to bad places, wanting to get high on poison to achieve hallucinations:The Danakil Depression in Ethiopia is a spectacular, hostile environment that may resemble conditions encountered on Mars and Titan – as well as in sites containing nuclear waste. From 20-28 January 2018, five teams of researchers and more than 30 support staff visited two locations in the region to study the microbiology, geology and chemistry at the Dallol hydrothermal outcrop and the saline Lake Afrera….Dallol is a uniquely hostile place for life due to the combination of its extreme salinity, high temperature, and acidity. It is one of the hottest places on Earth, at more than 100 metres below sea level. Upwelling water, rich in many different salts and heated by magma close to the surface, forms brightly-coloured, highly acidic pools. Toxic gases, including chlorine and sulphur vapour, hang in the air.A photo at the end of the article shows them looking into a toxic pool as if it is a magic mirror, bringing forth visions of life on Mars and Titan – two hostile environments with no known signs of life or even building blocks of life. The trip wasn’t for science, but for the experience. “Seasoned researchers have worked side by side and shared their experience with young scientists,” the report boasts. “It has been a very successful trip.” Everyone got their hallucination – and promises of funding for their next successful trip (pun intended).‘Handyman of Proteins’ Got Life on Earth Started (Space.com). Here’s an article, for once, that frankly acknowledges the improbability of life by chance. After describing how life translates information from DNA to proteins, Diana Crow writes,However, proteins pose a problem for scientists who study the beginnings of life. Present-day proteins have had the benefit of billions of years of evolution. They are highly specialized and, compared to most molecules, they are enormous. The odds of such lengthy amino acid chains forming “out of the blue” in life’s primordial soup are beyond astronomical.So how does Crow fly over this “beyond-astronomical” hurdle? Even if living cells could find any “benefit” in billions of years of the Stuff Happens Law, everybody knows there was no natural selection before accurate replication. She calls on Andrew Pohorille, senior astrobiologist at the NASA Ames Research Center, to act as chief wizard and make the impossible possible, the possible probable, and the probable virtually certain. Knowing that having the molecules present does not guarantee life, Pohorille looks for “candidate structures for early proteins” which are “unconventional structures that can perform the same functions as contemporary Earth proteins.” They work perfectly in the imagination, overcoming astronomical barriers in a single bound. Pohorille has to hope his imaginary candidate proteins quickly learn accurate replication, or else “error catastrophe” guarantees they will fall apart in the soup without going anywhere.Are viruses the new frontier for astrobiology? (Astrobiology Magazine). Since viruses cannot self-replicate, astrobiologists have not considered them candidates for missing links to the origin of life – till now. Desperate for new approaches to the origin of life, astrobiologists have started a new bandwagon to cheer themselves up. They are looking to viruses, or virions, for help: one, because they are so numerous, and two, because they are simpler than cells. “It makes sense to be looking for the things that are likely to be the most abundant,” one convert says. Another, though calls it nonsense in a way astrobiologists will probably not appreciate:“Astrovirology is no more, nor less, valid than astrobiology,” says Don Cowan, director of the Centre for Microbial Ecology and Genomics at the University of Pretoria. “There is no reason why astrovirology should not be considered with the same emphasis as ‘prokaryote’ [i.e. bacterial] astrobiology, particularly since the lesson from Earth’s biology is that every known organism has one or [sometimes many] more virus parasites.”Self-replication of DNA by its encoded proteins in liposome-based synthetic cells (Nature Communications). These guys intelligently designed a system using existing lipids, homochiral DNA and proteins that can self-replicate for a few cycles. To the extent their work tries to explain the origin of life, it fits perfectly a well-known cartoon about chance and design. Does their work have anything to do with the origin of life by chance, without highly-trained lab equipment operated by PhD’s? They don’t even pretend to say so. They’re just trying baby steps to get a well-designed system to replicate, using highly sophisticated ingredients they hope might some day lead to synthetic cells. The paper does, however, admit that living cells work with information in sophisticated ways. Look for the word design here:As a universal attribute, a living cell—even in its simplest representation—must be able to replicate information to enable proliferation. This information is coded in the form of nucleic acid sequences and must be converted into proteins to support cellular functions. The central dogma of molecular biology formulates the general rules for information transfer and is ubiquitous among all organisms: The genomic DNA is replicated and expressed into non-coding or messenger RNAs (transcription), the latter serving as a template to produce one or more proteins (translation). Hence, meeting the challenge to reconstruct a minimal cell involves the in vitro implementation of DNA replication, transcription and translation. Moreover, compartmentalization is an essential design strategy for coupling genotype and phenotype, while containing the spread of replication parasites. Phospholipid vesicles, called liposomes, with cell-like dimensions may provide such an evolutionary unit.There are, however, no agreed-on “evolutionary units” in Darwinism, as W. Ford Doolittle made clear (2 April 2018). It all comes down to chance, and the chance of a self-replicating, functional organism, with all the essential parts able to accurate transcribe, translate and utilize functional information remains beyond astronomical.Origin-of-life folly is a pseudoscience funded by your tax dollars. It has absolutely nothing to show for itself. It survives on hope, faith, and fantasy. It only pretends to be scientific, because its devotees know a few facts about organic chemistry and how to use jargon. Only materialistic Darwinians advocate it, because they have to in order to maintain their atheism/deism/pantheism (whichever flavor of unbelief they prefer). Tell the new NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine to pull the plug on this phony science of “astrobiology” that didn’t even exist before 1996. (Visited 703 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Psychological Fitness: Keeping Your Mind FitCoping with the stressors and realities of deployment takes a fit mind, not just a fit body. Psychological fitness is about strengthening performance and resilience. It involves the way one:Thinks and processes informationFeels about themself, others and the environmentAct in response to thoughts and feelingsUnderstanding what makes up psychological fitness and how to develop a healthier mental state can improve military family readiness to confront the challenges of life – both in the military and in civilian life. Learning stress management tips to build coping skills is important part of strengthening psychological health.Keeping fit can also require getting help to address psychological health concerns. Reach out to line leaders, doctors or chaplains for appropriate care right away if military family members:Can’t shake feeling down or worriedHave thoughts that repeatedly cause anxietyHave sleep problemsHave thoughts about hurting themselfResources are available and they work. Contact the Psychological Health Resource Center 24/7 by calling 1-866-966-1020 for answers to questions.Behavioral Fitness: Coping Skills Build ResilienceBeing behaviorally fit means controlling actions to the benefit of military family health. There are three primary components of this domain, including:Substance misuse prevention (e.g., alcohol in moderation)Risk mitigation (e.g., wearing seat belt, helmet use)Hygiene promotion (e.g., getting enough sleep, hand washing)Rather than engaging in behaviors that may lead down an unhealthy path, navigate through tough times by managing stress and building resilience in positive ways, including through exercise or spiritual activities. Healthy coping skills, like pursuing hobbies and other creative activities, can also lower risk of substance misuse, sleep loss, relationship difficulties and more – all problems that can affect military family well-being and careers.Spiritual FitnessFor many, spirituality may be a relationship with God and certain religious practices. For others, it plays out in non-religious ways, such as through a focus on family or nature. However expressed, spirituality can promote healthy connections with others, healthy lifestyle choices and the strength to endure hard times.Spirituality can:Help cope with multiple deployments, combat stress or injuryEncourage a supportive environment and foster military family cohesionHelp cope with “moral injuries,” which can occur from either awareness of, participating in or witnessing certain acts that may conflict with deeply held moral beliefs and expectationsAs military families and members of civilian communities, spirituality can play a key role in a family’s well-being. Research has linked spirituality to increased optimism, less anxiety and depression, fewer suicides and greater marital stability.Medical and Dental FitnessThe medical and dental fitness domain involves multiple evaluation tools to determine whether service members and their families are medically fit for mission duties and deployment. Military medical fitness specifically establishes that one is:Free of contagious diseases that would likely endanger the health of other personnelFree of medical conditions or physical defects that would require excessive lost duty time for treatments or hospitalization or would likely result in separation from service for medical unfitnessFree of medical conditions or physical defects that would require excessive lost duty time for treatments or hospitalization or would likely result in separation from service for Medically incapable of satisfactorily completing any and all required trainingFree of medical conditions or physical defects that would require excessive lost duty time for treatments or hospitalization or would likely result in separation from service for Medically capable of performing duties without aggravation of existing physical defects or medical conditionsDetermining medical fitness involves evaluation tools, including DNA, immunizations, periodic health assessments, hearing and vision assessments, dental health, and a behavioral health assessment.Sleep is also an important aspect of medical fitness, as it provides improved judgment, reduced obesity, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease, improved resilience, and more rapid recovery from behavioral health problems, injury and illness.Environmental FitnessMilitary families and their service members that are environmentally fit are able to perform or support duties well in any environment, such as in high altitudes or contaminated areas, and withstand multiple stressors associated with some military missions. Combating the stresses associated with challenging environments involves the following two sets of tools:Biomedical (i.e., nutrition, hydration)Mission-related (i.e., the equipment and clothing available to service members)Adapting to challenging environments involves acclimating to the particular conditions (e.g., cold temperatures, high altitudes, etc.), building up service-member tolerance while exposed to certain environmental stresses and cross-tolerance, when they adapt to environment stresses prior to any exposure. Leaders should ensure that appropriate risk assessments are conducted prior to entering and extreme climate. Additionally, routine risk assessments for all conditions should include an environmental component. Prior to deploying to a different environment, proper equipment for that climate should be issued and leaders should monitor for appropriate utilization. While deployed to difficult environments, service-members can often take steps to assist in adapting, such as use of proper vision and hearing protection, DoD insect repellent system and water purification techniques. Military family members can provide helpful assistance and accountability checks in this domain.Nutritional FitnessNutritional fitness includes providing and consuming all types of foods in quantities, quality, and proportions sufficient to preserve mission performance and to protect against disease or injury.Healthy foods are fuel for the body. This fuel is important to physical and mental performance, and helps maintain emotional control during field operations. or while family members are deployed. Beyond performance, nutrition also plays an important role in protecting overall health throughout a lifetime. A diet rich in whole grains, lean protein, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products helps lower the risk of certain diseases such as diabetes.Nutritional needs are not universally the same. Daily fluid and food requirements depend on body mass, physical activity and the environment in which the work is performed. While military nutrition efforts have traditionally focused on making sure service members are eating enough, the concern today is about eating too much. Consuming more calories than you need leads to excess weight. Being overweight can impact the success of missions, and the military family’s ability to support missions, as well as raise the risk for heart disease, certain cancers, diabetes and more.Social FitnessSocial fitness involves building and maintaining healthy relationships with others. It also plays a role in supporting optimal performance and resilience. Social fitness is multi-dimensional and includes not only friends and family, but also recreation, religion and hobbies, as well as bosses and peers. Social activity can help relieve stress, build connections with others, and ease the strain of missing family and friends.Unit cohesion is an important component within social fitness. When service members, their fellow unit members, and their families exhibit healthy social connections and behaviors, the unit thrives and enhances community capacity. The stronger the unit is socially, the more resilient it is. Having a clear understanding of service values, the mission and its meaning is key in supporting healthy social networks and healthy military families.SourcesMAJ Tonja C. Roy and others. “Total Force Fitness for the 21st Century – A New Paradigm (link is external),” [PDF 17.54MB] Military Medicine: Supplement to Military Medicine – Volume 175. Published August 2010.Total Fitness for the 21st Century: Conference Report [PDF 550KB], Institute for Alternative Futures, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. Published December 30, 2009. In our last Friday Field Notes, we discussed how experts from the operational, scientific and educational communities came together to integrate the components of health and fitness under the title “Total Force Fitness for the 21st Century.” Today we will unpack these components.The concept of Total Force Fitness encompasses eight domains:MINDPsychologicalBehavioralSpiritualSocialBODYPhysicalMedical and DentalNutritionalEnvironmentalTotal Force Fitness involves seamlessly integrating fitness of the mind, body and spirit. Achieving total fitness is a state in which service members, their families and the family’s unit/organization can sustain optimal well-being and performance even, under difficult conditions. Total Force Fitness is critical to Military Family Readiness and Lethality.Physical Fitness: Training Year-Round Boosts ResilienceIn the military community, physical fitness involves service members and their families’ ability to physically handle all aspects of a mission, while at the same time remaining healthy and uninjured to meet the criteria for retention and continued military service. Year-round exercise can help build and maintain warrior and military family lethality and psychological health and resilience, and some studies have shown that it may improve mood and attitude.The latest military fitness guidance emphasizes the need to focus on “mission and job task-oriented fitness.” This involves having a well-rounded approach to fitness routines that reflects the various types of conditions that your service member might experience. Physical fitness assessments (link is external) can provide important tools to measure whether your service member’s fitness efforts effectively complement mission duties, but they can also be a great way for military family members to stay connected with their service member and to maintain their own psychological health and resilience.
Ohio State forward Yaw Amankwa (23) sends a ball past Maryland defender Chris Odoi-Atsem (28) during a game at Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium on Oct. 31, 2015. Credit: Lantern File PhotoThe Ohio State men’s soccer team faced off against No. 24 Wisconsin in its last game of the regular season on Sunday in Madison, Wisconsin. There was a lot at stake for both teams, as the game would determine the final Big Ten standings and seeding in the Big Ten tournament.In the end, the Badgers proved to be too much for the Buckeyes, defeating the Scarlet and Gray 2-1 in Madison.Wisconsin applied a ton of pressure early on in the match, earning the majority of chances and forcing the Buckeyes to spend most of the time in their own defensive zone.In the 16th minute, Wisconsin redshirt freshman defender Elan Koenig corralled a rebound off a save from OSU keeper Parker Siegfried and finished it off to put the Badgers up 1-0.Wisconsin would add to its lead in the 44th minute, again on a rebound opportunity. This time, it was redshirt sophomore forward Isaac Schlenker who buried the ball after a save from Siegfried, extending the Badger lead to 2-0.Wisconsin held a 15-3 shot advantage through the opening period, but the Buckeyes did not go quietly into the night.Late in the second period, OSU senior forward Yaw Amankwa launched a shot from 30 yards out that was able to beat the Badger keeper and find the back of the net, cutting the deficit to 2-1.The Buckeyes desperately battled back throughout the second stanza, outshooting the Badgers 12-4 in the period. However, they would be unable to find the equalizer, and the score remained at 2-1 as time expired.Sophomore forward Abdi Mohamed did not play in the match. Senior forward Danny Jensen played 58 minutes in his return from injury after a five-game absence.The Buckeyes finish the season with a 5-12-1 record (3-4-1 B1G).The loss gives OSU a sixth seed in the Big Ten tournament, where they will rematch Wisconsin in Madison this Sunday, Nov. 6.
Ohio State appears to have found a new linebackers coach in former Buckeye and Super Bowl champion Mike Vrabel. Multiple media outlets have reported Vrabel’s hiring by OSU. According to the university’s online directory, Vrabel’s working title is “Assistant Coach-Football.” In an email to The Lantern, Jerry Emig, assistant athletics communication director, said the athletic department was working Sunday on details regarding a press conference. Emig added that OSU has not “announced an (assistant) coach hire yet.” Emig also said the athletic department would release details on an upcoming press conference shortly, though he did not address what the purpose of the press conference would be. Vrabel, a former defensive end at OSU from 1993–96, was the Big Ten Defensive Lineman of the Year during both the 1995 and 1996 seasons. During his college playing days, Vrabel was also a defensive line mate with new OSU head coach Luke Fickell — Vrabel was a defensive end while Fickell played nose guard. Vrabel was drafted in the third round of the 1997 NFL Draft by the Pittsburgh Steelers, and spent his first four years as a professional there. Vrabel was later traded to the New England Patriots where he became a force on both sides of the ball. In short-yardage situations, Patriots coach Bill Belichick used Vrabel as a tight end. In his eight years with the Patriots, Vrabel, who typically played linebacker, had 10 receptions, all for touchdowns. During his time in at New England, Vrabel won three Super Bowl and also appeared in the 2007 Pro Bowl. Vrabel was then traded to the Kansas City Chiefs in 2009, where he is still under contract. Media outlets have reported that multiple sources close to Vrabel expect the former Buckeye to retire from the NFL and accept the coaching position at OSU. The Kansas City Chiefs did not immediately respond to a request for a comment on Vrabel’s status with the organization. Vrabel would be coming to OSU after a recent run-in with law enforcement. On April 5, Vrabel was arrested for theft at an Indiana casino and was released later that day after posting bond. Vrabel called the arrest an “unfortunate misunderstanding.” More recently, Vrabel has been a vocal member of the NFL Players Association and is one of 10 players involved in the antitrust lawsuit against the NFL. Vrabel could not be reached for comment.