Chipmunks may look cute, but when they wreak havoc in the landscape their charm quickly fades.A species of small rodent, chipmunks are quite common in Georgia. They are considered minor agricultural pests, but they can cause significant structural damage under patios, stairs and retention walls.Chipmunks are burrowers and their tunnels are usually 20 to 30 feet long and may be more complex in areas where cover is scarce. Chipmunks are usually ground-dwelling critters, but will climb trees and shrubs for food and to escape predators.These little critters consume flower bulbs, seeds, seedlings, grass seed, pet foods and birdseed from bird feeders. Chipmunks also will gnaw on wooden structures, eat garden vegetables, fruits and flowers; clog downspouts and chew on the bark and buds of ornamental plantings.Chipmunks are territorial and rarely become numerous enough to cause a significant amount of damage. However, when the resources are right, populations can reach 20 individuals or more in an urban landscape. When populations reach densities high enough to cause significant damage, homeowners have several options to lessen or even eliminate the damage they cause.While their natural habitat is in open wooded areas with ample food-producing trees and bushes, chipmunks will make their homes around the edges of forests and urban landscapes. In these areas, food and protection are offered by shrubbery, flowers and gardens, allowing chipmunks to thrive and eventually become pests.University of Georgia Cooperative Extension recommends following the HERL model of control: habitat modification, exclusion, repellent and lethal control.The first option for mitigating chipmunk damage is habitat modification. In other words, make the landscape less attractive to these scurrying little creatures. This starts by removing any yard debris, wood piles or brush that could be used as denning sites.Often considered a nuisance in its own right, English ivy provides shelter for many rodents, including chipmunks. Treat these areas with foliar and stump-cut herbicide applications of either glyphosate or triclopyr. This can remove cover, thus removing the chipmunk’s habitat.A common mistake seen in landscaping is the continuous planting of trees, shrubs or ground cover. Like English ivy, this pattern provides chipmunks with a continuous, covered corridor. Plantings should be placed away from sidewalks, driveways and foundations to dissuade chipmunks from burrowing under those structures.Next is exclusion. Prevent chipmunks from entering buildings by caulking holes where gas lines, television and internet cables, and air conditioning lines penetrate the house. It’s important to seal off dryer and exhaust vent lines, downspouts and rain gutters with one-quarter-inch hardwire mesh. This prevents chipmunks from building nests in these areas and stops potential damage from water backing up along foundation walls.Homeowners often want to use a spray to get rid of their chipmunk problem, however repellents are rarely the long-term answer.Homeowners frequently use moth balls — naphthalene — to repel a variety of nuisance wildlife, however using moth balls in this way goes against their labeled use and is illegal. Other home remedies that have been temporarily effective are hot sauce, rotten eggs and predator urine.Taste aversion repellents, like Bitrex or Thiram, can be applied to landscape plants to discourage chewing and eating. Other repellents labelled for use against deer and rabbits are also effective. It is important to remember that repellents are temporary control methods and must be changed up frequently so that chipmunks do not become habituated to one particular deterrent.The final action that can be taken is lethal control. Trapping in large, wooden rat traps can be quite effective. These traps are usually baited with peanut butter or an oatmeal-peanut butter mix. Traps should be placed along runways or at burrow openings.Other forms of lethal control include poisons. Treatments registered for use against chipmunks can be found on the Georgia Department of Agriculture’s pesticide product registry.On the legal front, all nongame wildlife is protected in Georgia. It is illegal to kill any species unless specifically permitted by regulations such as hunting and fishing laws. Normally, homeowners can protect their property from mammals causing damage, but it is always a good idea to check first with your local Department of Natural Resources Law Enforcement Division.Catching and releasing live animals into unfamiliar territory is not recommended. Live animals also should not be released on county, state or federal lands.
U.S. Marine Corps Master Gunnery Sergeant Jerome N. Root, command senior enlisted leader, Special Operations Command South (SOCSOUTH), spoke with Diálogo during the Senior Enlisted Leaders Seminar, held during Fuerzas Comando 2019, June 24-28 in Santiago, Chile, where he shared his views on the professional development of noncommissioned officers (NCOs) and partnering with the region to address common goals.Diálogo: How do you see the evolution of the sergeant major role over the years?U.S. Marine Corps Master Gunnery Sergeant Jerome N. Root, command senior enlisted leader, Special Operations Command South: The evolution of the command senior enlisted leader’s role over the years has grown exponentially. I use the title command senior enlisted leader because we work in a joint/multinational environment with many different ranks for senior enlisted leaders. I see a greater emphasis being placed on them to be at, or near, the point of decision-making at critical times, to provide their commander with an unbiased assessment. Diálogo: Why is it important to focus on NCOs’ professional development?Master Gunnery Sgt. Root: There continues to be an increased need for professional development through advanced education based on the NCO’s role. As the executors and the backbone within the military, we operationalize the commander’s intent. We need commanders at all levels to embrace our desire for higher education, so that we can better serve them and the troops we are entrusted with. Diálogo: Why is it important that NCOs from Latin America and the Caribbean work together toward the same goals?Master Gunnery Sgt. Root: We all need to work toward common goals. It’s important because doing so, allows us to develop better interoperability, a shared understanding, and makes us more effective. Strengthening our partnerships, countering threats, and building our team will not be achieved if we do not share the same goals for the region.Diálogo: How does SOCSOUTH contribute to the development of NCOs in Latin America?Master Gunnery Sgt. Root: SOCSOUTH contributes to the development of the NCOs by leveraging U.S. Special Operations Command’s (USSOCOM) institutions such as the Joint Special Operations University (JSOU) and the Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School (NAVSCIATTS). We are also providing broadening tours for NCOs as foreign liaison officers and international instructors, once only reserved for officers. We continue advancing our efforts to send our partner Special Operations Forces (SOF) senior enlisted leaders to JSOU’s Joint Special Operations Senior Enlisted Advisor course. This is equivalent to the United States Army Sergeants Major Academy’s course, placing our SOF NCOs in the lead at every opportunity.Diálogo: What kind of exchanges does SOCSOUTH engage in with NCOs in Latin America?Master Gunnery Sgt. Root: NCO development exchanges are being executed in two, three-week seminars at two levels (basic and advanced). These seminars are currently only available in Colombia. We are attempting to get others involved, but it requires commitment and a desire from the country for NCO development that is SOF specific. These exchanges are not only for the operator, but also for every specialty that supports SOF forces (enablers/service support) and fill out our formations.Diálogo: Regarding the study of languages and international exchanges, do you consider them fundamental for further advance in the NCO’s career?Master Gunnery Sgt. Root: They are extremely important, fundamental for further advancement in an NCO’s career. As U.S. Special Operations Forces, we do a great job of working in the native language of our partners. Our partners should equally focus on English. It brings us closer and affords them greater opportunities to attend USSOCOM training courses and educational courses as well as better integration in multinational forces where the standard language is English. By Geraldine Cook July 15, 2019
Syracuse (7-20, 6-11 Atlantic Coast) lost in four sets to Pittsburgh (21-8, 12-5 Atlantic Coast) on Friday night.The Orange has dropped the first two sets and won the third of each of the last three matches and four of its last five. In each, it lost the fourth set. SU finished with a .182 hitting percentage and 17 fewer kills than the Panthers.Anastasiya Gorelina lead the team with 11 kills, followed by Kendra Luckacs who had 10. Those two players were the only members of the Orange to finish with double-digit kills.In addition to each player’s kills, Gorelina and Luckacs had 12 and 14 digs, respectively, to get double-doubles.SU led Pitt in every major defensive category – digs, total blocks, and block assists were all greater than its opponent – but could not get the offense going for the entirety of the match.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textLeah Levert had eight total blocks. Mackenzie Weaver and Santita Ebangwese each chipped in with five apiece.Ebangwese, again, paced SU in hitting percentage with .455 but only finished with six kills.The Orange team had no player who surpassed 22 assists and only two players had more than three. Assist numbers have been a problem all season for the Orange as they often come from only one or two players. The lack of passing in this game hurt the Orange offense, forcing the team to score far fewer points than its opponent.Syracuse will remain at home this Sunday and face off against Virginia Tech in the Women’s building. Comments Facebook Twitter Google+ Published on November 19, 2016 at 12:14 am Contact Michael: [email protected] | @MikeJMcCleary